Overview of "Leisure Research Methods"

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Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methodologies
Data Collection Methods         Examples
Documents
Meta-analysis
Content Analysis
Secondary Data (data mining)
These methods identify trends in leisure research and practice.
Participants keep diaries and journals researcher conducts content analysis of
studies, reports and diaries.
Observation
Ethnographic
Participant observer
Case study
How people behave and interact in public open spaces.
Observe systematically, maybe become a participant observer.
Survey:
Questionnaire: Paper or Online
Interview
May be cross-sectional or longitudinal
To learn what people think about leisure motivation.
To identify
relationships between motivation and satisfaction.
Use
Standardized Scales/Instruments whenever appropriate.
Experiment
True experiments
Quasi experiments
Obtain information under controlled conditions about leisure attitudes and experience with virtual reality.
Subjects may be randomly assigned to various tests and experiences then assessed via observation or standardized scales.
Other Field Methods 
Nominal Group Technique
Delphi
To identify trends and issues about leisure services, management and delivery systems.
Focus Group systems. Various group, question and pencil paper exercises are used by facilitators.