we plan project-based and task-based learning, especially in computer and
CALL lab settings, we need to learn to think about student learning in
terms of what they can do. We should try to get away from saying
"in this class a student will learn about computers" or "in this class
a student will learn to communicate in spoken English." It's hard
work, but we need to try to have our plans made in what we expect students
Each higher level of
the taxonomy assumes the ablity to work at the levels underneath it.
For example, a student who can "discuss" using the WEB for research must
also have already memorized some terminology and concepts and developed
the ability to recall that knowledge and to reproduce it in her/his own
words in the discussion.
This chart is based
on Bloom's Taxonomy of the cognitive demands of different activities and
was used in a workshop on distance learning presented in August, 1999,
by Rita-Marie Conrad and Kathy Ingram (Florida State University).
To see yet another approach to analyzing tests that evaluate higher order thinking,