Syllabus & General Information
GEOL 4120/6120 (Field Geology)
GEOL 4121/6121 (Advanced Field Geology)
Georgia State University

Textbokk for the roadtrip: Roadside Geology of the Yellowstine Country

William J. Fritz, and Robert C. Thomas

Optional Textbooks:

1. Windows into the Earth: The Geologic Story of Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks

2. Geology in the Field
Robert R. Compton

2. Geological Field Techniques
Edited by: Angela L. Coe

The traditional view of field camp is that it is used to teach the principles of producing a geologic map. This traditional view has been widely criticized because mapping is viewed as “old fashioned” as most cutting-edge research projects today have moved far beyond the mapping stage. Nonetheless, even though few geologists are directly involved in mapping, producing a map teaches a multitude of field techniques and draws on skills learned in almost every course in geology. One exciting opportunity in field camp is to actually see things in the field that have only been presented as theoretical concepts in classroom courses on the main campus.

We see at least three reasons to take a traditional mapping field course:

  1. To see illustrated the classic theoretical concepts of geology
  2. To learn the basic field skills necessary for any field study in earth/environmental sciences
  3. By actually making your own map, to learn techniques of how to read and gain the maximum amount of information from published maps

Illustration of theoretical concepts
Geology is basically a field-oriented science; even pure laboratory studies are conducted to understand the Earth and field relationships. However, because of logistical difficulties, most geology courses are taught in the laboratory and classroom. Here the theory of geology is learned. Field camp provides a unique opportunity to make practical use of material from almost any branch of geology including geochemistry, paleontology, sedimentology, stratigraphy, structural geology, petrology, environmental geology, and hydrogeology

Field camp provides a unique opportunity to actually see many types of rocks and geologic features that have only been discussed in books. During field camp students can see glacial systems, identify rocks in field context, observe ancient volcanic systems, use fossils in mapping, see and use a wide variety of sedimentary and deformation structures, observe and map many types of geomorphology.

How to Read a Map
One of the most important reasons to become acquainted with mapping techniques is that maps provide the raw data used in almost any area of geology. Even laboratory scientists are dependent on a field (map) context for their samples; their interpretations are no better than the quality of basic field observations presented on a map. Many scientists that have never mapped do not realize the tremendous amount of interpretation that goes into producing a map. This fosters an incorrect view that a map is actually the way rocks “are” rather than an interpretation of the geology and the structure. Thus, there are reasonable maps and unreasonable ones. To be a successful geologist it is important that you gain the ability to critically evaluate data presented on a published map.

Geologists who understand the interpretative nature of maps can make much better use of published maps. Even though you may never again be in the position of having to map in the field, if you continue a career in geology you will surely make use of maps. Maps provide the fundamental data for environmental work, hydrogeology, site selection, etc. The goal of field camp is to help you make better use of this material. You can be assured that after field camp you will never again look at a published map in the same way!

Basic Field Skills
Another cluster of goals centers around the acquisition of basic field skills. Even though most geologists are not involved in traditional mapping, most will have to perform some type of field study or project at some point in their careers. This may involve detailed sample collection or routine monitoring of a well. To perform well in the field requires a special set of skills often referred to as “field attitude”. Field attitude is something that cannot be taught in a classroom but must be developed through experience in actual field conditions. A traditional mapping course provides one of the best environments known to develop these skills.

During camp students will be asked to perform under a variety of weather conditions. Often students think that it is “too hot, too wet, too cold, too windy, too dry and on and on” to do field work. The reality is that field conditions are never ideal and field geologists always wish for better conditions. The trick is to develop the ability to perform no matter what the conditions. This takes training and is a major tack to be accomplished at field camp. Students who have learned to get out map every day for a month or more can be assured of having the ability to perform most field-oriented tasks.

Other field skills necessary to any study include: note taking, sample collection, measurement of geologic structures, sample labelling, and locating sites on a topographic base map. Field mapping teaches these skills in a superb manner. The important thing to remember is that these skills will be useful in many more situations that just field mapping. Field camp will give you a great set of skills that will be useful in most geotechnical, environmental or geological related jobs, or in starting work on a thesis if you choose graduate school. Even if you choose to continue work or study in a strictly laboratory setting, field camp will give you a much better appreciation for the field context of the samples that you are working on.

Academic Honesty
The purpose of field camp is to teach you to independently interpret geological structures in the field. It is assumed that all work handed in represents your own geological thinking. Students in GEOL 4120/4121 & GEOL 4121/6121 are expected to uphold the standards of academic honesty as outlined in GSU catalog. Specifically, violations of these guidelines, cheating on independent day quizzes, exams, and map projects will result in a failing grade “F” for the entire course

Because field camp consists of both group and independent projects, the standards of academic honesty may not be readily apparent to some students. Following are guidelines and rules designed to eliminate the possibility of inadvertently being accused of “cheating” on a project. Past experience suggests that even though published maps, maps of former students, and maps of students enrolled in field camp at other universities exist, these are of only limited value to field camp students. Without a firm grasp of mapping principles and personal work in the field area it is nearly impossible to make use of published materials. Nonetheless, it is expected that unless specifically allowed by the faculty, students will not use (1) previously published materials covering the map areas or (2) someone else’s unpublished map covering the map areas. Students found using materials not handed out or otherwise expressly approved for that project risk receiving a failing grade on at least that project, possibly for the entire course.

  1. No use of maps of previous students or current students/staff from other universities. This includes discussing, looking at, inspecting, perusing, or studying these maps in the dorms, cafeteria, or anywhere else. You will discover that not all universities take field camp as seriously as we do; hence, you might encounter students or even staff who see nothing wrong with sharing their maps. You are not to look at their maps, and you are not to allow them to look at yours.
  2. No use of published materials except as handed out or approved by the instructor.
  3. All work is assumed to be independent. Except on specifically assigned independent projects, you are allowed to discuss geology with your map partner. However, you should have only limited discussion about the project with other students. Excessive collaboration with other students or with persons (instructors and students from other universities) outside of the course will be considered a violation of academic honesty. It is assumed that all work turned in is the result of your own thinking and interpretations. To avoid the appearance of violating the code of academic honesty it is important to map with different partners throughout the course. Even though you are allowed, and even encouraged, to discuss the geology of the map area with other students in the evenings you should avoid excessive collaboration with the same group.
  4. No penalty for discussing concerns with a faculty member. If you have seen materials that you think may violate these standards there will be no penalty for discussing this with a faculty member prior to starting the project. Such discussion will allow us to tailor the project to fit your previous knowledge of outside material. Please be warned that not discussing this with a faculty member prior to project turn-in could be construed as a violation of academic honesty
  5. Any violation of Academic Honesty as stated above will result in a failing grade (“F”) for that project and possibly for the entire course or a significantly lowered grade as deemed appropriate for the situation involved
  6. The appearance of impropriety involving the above items may be eliminated by discussing the situation with an instructor. Many times use of outside materials (published maps, library references, other air photos, etc.) will be approved if permission is obtained in advance

Return of Projects
It is the policy of field camp not to return maps and projects at the end of field camp to students. Projects will be kept indefinitely by the GSU Department of Geology and are available for inspection at any time. These folders are also available for inspection by prospective employers or graduate schools at your request. Field notebooks are an exception; these will be returned, after inspection and grading, at the end of road trip and may be kept by the student.

Basic Field Geology (GEOL 4120/6120) and Advanced Field Geology (Geol 4121/6121) each consists of 3 semester hours of credit. Following is an approximate breakdown of point value for the various projects. Please note that small changes may be necessary as projects can vary unexpectedly during the semester due to weather, field conditions, and needs of a particular group. Changes will be announced to the entire group at the time.



Point Value


Frying Pan








Kelly Reservoir




Independent Day #1




Road Trip




Geol 4120 Total




Rochester Creek




Trapper Creek




Badger Pass




Independent Day #2




Timber Hill




McCartney Mtn




Geol 4121 Total












The policy of field camp is to provide rigorous grading to maximize the amount of critique and input on a particular project. The goal of field camp is to teach you how to map and to have you producing acceptable maps at the end of field camp. It is assumed that your maps at the beginning will need much improvement. One way to communicate this is through detailed grading, critical comments, and points taken off for problems. Detailed grading illustrates where improvement needs to be made on future projects.

Students are naturally worried about the final outcome of their grade because of this intentionally rigorous approach. However, this is taken into account in two ways when assigning grades.
First, grade boundaries are generally drawn as follows:
A >85%; B: 75-84; C: 65-74; D: 55-64; F <55%.
The second way is by increasing point value throughout the summer. During the first week an entire project may be worth less than a single day’s mapping near the end of the course. It is thus possible to do poorly on the first two or three projects and still receive a good grade in the course based on performance on the last one or two projects. We are looking for progress, and we expect your maps to be far better at the end than in the beginning.

Furthermore, grades are not based on a “curve” and you are not in competition with other students in the course. Faculty have no preconceived notion as to how many students will earn a certain grade. If all students in a particular year perform at an “A” level all will receive A’s. Each student is thus only competing against herself. You must improve steadily throughout field camp.

Field camp is a course, not a test. It is not expected that you know how to map before field camp starts. Past years have shown that students with previous mapping experience have little advantage over those who have never mapped. The important criterion for determining your grade is performance on the final projects during the last 10 days of camp. Also, remember that mapping and comments on your maps are a learning exercise. Grades are given not as harsh punishment but as a learning tool designed to show you where you need improvement.

Material to be Handed in for Each Mapping Project:

(1) Geologic map: Each project will require a geologic map. The map must have a title and the mapper’s name, inked contacts, fold and fault symbols, strike and dip symbols, stations pinholed and inked on back, formation symbols inked, and lightly colored using appropriate color scheme. All writing on the front or back of the map should be oriented the same way so as to be read with north to the top. Lines of cross section should be inked and labeled on the map. The map will be graded for both geologic content and neatness.

A common failing is to provide too few strikes and dips. Strike and dip may be taken anywhere and need not coincide with a station. The most common problems with producing a neat map are: 1) colors that are too heavy and uneven, and 2) inked lines that are too thick and uneven. Ballpoint pens do not produce acceptable results. Use a high-quality drafting pen (rapidograph) and practice on the back or edge of the map to be sure the ink does not bleed on the basemap. Be sure that the pen makes a very dark (but thin) black line.

A map is produced in the field – not in the office. Use office time to ink, color, and spruce up the appearance of the map. The map that you use in the field is the one you turn in. You will not be allowed to transfer from the field map to a new map, so you must protect your map in the field from weather, abrasion, or other deteriorating agents.

(2) Cross sections: Generally 1 to 3 structural cross sections will be required for each mapping project. These sections often are used to gauge your understanding of the three-dimensional nature of the rock units. As much time, care, and thought should go into producing the cross section as into the map itself. Indeed, fully ¾ of your office time should be spent on the cross sections, from conceptualization to actual production. The cross section(s) is far more important than a beautiful legend, for example.

Cross sections should have boxed lines and should extend no deeper than to include the oldest rocks seen in the map area; generally this will be about 1,000’-1,500’ for the Dillon area. Label points A, A’ etc. to correspond with the geologic map.

The cross section should not be vertically exaggerated and should be at the same scale as the map. Do not extend lines or contacts above the topography. If lines extending up into the air are needed to obtain the proper scale and relationship they should be done in light pencil and erased completely prior to turn in. Units in the cross section should be labeled and colored to match the geologic map.

The units should be colored with the inked symbol for the appropriate formation . Do not include patterned lithologic symbols (sandstone, limestone, shale, etc.) as in a measured section.

Typical problems with drawing cross sections are: 1) making the sections too deep and 2) changing the thickness of a bed. Generally the section should be drawn no deeper than to show the oldest unit exposed in the map area. For stratified sedimentary rocks assume that the true thickness of the bed or map unit remains constant throughout each map area and in the cross sections. Structural problems (and poor grades) occur when the unit changes thickness.

(3) Field notes: Field notes should be handed in when requested. Field notes should be numbered to correspond with the station numbers on the map. Sufficient detail must be included for each station to defend the interpretation of that unit, fault, strike and dip or other information. These need not be lengthy. The notes are used to supplement the map and should provide the supporting detail for the information presented on the map.

(4) Legend: Each map and project should included a legend of all symbols used for that project. The legend should contain only those symbols actually used on the map. Stratigraphic units should be a colored box with the symbol for the formation included within the box. Units should be placed in stratigraphic order from old at the base to young at the top. Show ages to the left of the column. A complete and concise description must be given for each unit. Non-stratified rock (e.g. intrusive or high grade crystalline metamorphic rock) should go in a separate column.

(5) Other: Often a short geologic history, description of the map area, or defense of a field problem will be required as part of the project. These should include reference to the map and should cite field evidence at specific locations to support your statements.

(6) Stratigraphic column: About midway through the course, you will have seen all stratigraphic units in the field area. After this time, you will be required to draft and hand in a stratigraphic column for the Dillon area of southwestern Montana. The information for the stratigraphic column will come from your field notes. It is thus important when first describing a new stratigraphic unit to estimate stratigraphic thickness, note detail of bedding and sedimentary structures, detail of lithology and composition and lateral and vertical variation within the unit. Other information such as color, resistance to weathering, vegetation cover, fossils, etc. should be included where appropriate.


Lithologic and Stratigraphic Symbols

Qal Quaternary alluvium (mapped only as the flat floodplain along modern rivers & streams)

Qp Quaternary pediment surfaces and associated deposits

Qaf Quaternary alluvial fan deposits (recognized by fan-shaped landforms)

Qls Quaternary landslide deposits (recognized by scarp, hummocky land form and sharp toe; usually developed in Tertiary volcanics)

Qg Quaternary glacial deposits undifferentiated

Qgl glacial lacustrine (recognized by modern lakes and flat swampy modern meadows)

Qgt glacial till - use dotted line to indicate position of moraines (recognized by erratic boulders and hummocky topography)

Qgo glacial outwash (recognized by very flat surfaces or terraces above base level of modern streams)

Nv Neogene volcanic rock undifferentiated
(mostly 17 - 2 Ma); some of these are mapped separately, others are included in the Anderson Ranch Member of the Sixmile Creek Formation

Nvb Neogene basalt, includes the 6.0 +/- 0.1 Ma Timber Hill basalt

Nvr Rhyolite - mostly pyroclastic flow, fall and surge deposits

Ts Tertiary (Neogene) Sixmile Creek Formation undifferentiated

Tsbh Big Hole River Member

Tsa Anderson Ranch Member

Tss Sweetwater Creek Member

Tr Tertiary (Paleogene) Renova Formation

Tdv Tertiary Dillon Volcanics undifferentiated (Mostly Paleogene - 52-30 Ma)

Tdvb basalt (Paleogene)

Tdva andesite (Paleogene)

Tdvr rhyolite, includes pyroclastic flow deposits and lava flows

KTb Cretaceous/Tertiary Beaverhead Formation/Group. Contains limestone angular conglomerate/breccia in a red sandstone matrix, red sandstone and siltstone, quartzite cobble comglomerate with red sandstone

KTi Late Cretaceous/Early Tertiary intrusive rock (70-140 Ma) associated with the Pioneer and Boulder Batholiths. Generally mapped by lithology, a - andesite, g - granite, r - rhyolite

Kcsc Cretaceous Cold Spring Creek Volcanics (white & pink tuffs, dark fragmental volcanicbreccia)

Kf Cretaceous Frontier Formation

Kb Cretaceous Blackleaf Formation undifferentiated

Kbv Upper volcaniclastic/shale member of the Blackleaf Fm (valley former)

Kblc Lower clastic member (includes Kblsh & Kbuc of Dyman) of the Blackleaf Fm

Kk Cretaceous Kootenai Formation undifferentiated

Kkg Gastropod Limestone Member

Kkuc Upper Clastic (Shale) Member (valley former -- red shale with ribs of sandstone)

Kkm Middle Limestone Member

Kklc Lower Clastic (Sandstone) Member (ribs of ss & congl. with red shale valleys)

Jm Jurassic Morrison Formation

TR d Triassic Dinwoody Formation - undifferentiated

TR du upper bedded carbonate member

TR du lower shale member

Pp Permian Phosphoria Formation (includes Mead Peak Phosphatic Shale, Rex Chert, Park

City Limestone, Retort Phosphatic Oil Shale, Shedhorn Sandstone)

IPq Pennsylvanian/Permian Quadrant Sandstone (Quartzite)

MIPa Mississippian/Pennsylvanian Amsden Formation

Mbs Mississippian Big Snowy Formation/Group

Mm Mississippian Madison Group undifferentiated

Mmm Mission Canyon Limestone

Mml Lodgepole Limestone

Dt Devonian Three Forks Shale

Dj Devonian Jefferson Dolomite

Ch Cambrian Hasmark Dolomite

Cw Cambrian Wolsey Shale

Cf Cambrian Flathead Sandstone

pCu Precambrian crystalline basement rocks undifferentiated. These are generally mapped using lowercase letters that designate lithologic units. g - granite, gn - gneiss, mg - mafic gneiss, m - marble, as - amphibolite schist, sh - schist, etc.; pick letters appropriate for rock type and area being mapped.

Structural Symbols
Normal contacts (black):
known location (+/- 10’)
approximate location (+/- 25’)
inferred location

Faults (red):
Thrust fault (teeth on upper plate)
Strike-slip fault (show apparent motion in plane of map)
Normal fault (show apparent motion) or ball on hanging wall

Folds (blue):
Axial trace of normal and overturned antiform or anticline
Axial trace of normal and overturned synform or syncline

Strike and Dip Symbols (black):
Strike and Dip of bedding (normal, vertical, overturned)
Strike and dip of foliation (normal and vertical)
strike and dip of joints (normal and vertical)

All geologic maps and structure sections should be colored. The colors should be applied very lightly and evenly and should not obscure topographic lines or other detail on the base map. Most mistakes in coloring are made by applying colors that are too heavy or that are uneven. Following is a list of some “standard” colors found on geologic maps. For different formations of the same lithology, use different shades of the same color group. Yellow should be reserved for Quaternary units. If only one Quaternary unit is mapped it should be in yellow. If two are mapped, Qal should be yellow and the other unit light orange.

Colors by lithology:
surficial deposits yellow (preferred) or light orange
sandstone and conglomerate brown
shale, siltstone & mudstone green
carbonates blue
granitic rocks red
volcanics pink
basalt pink or black
metamorphic rocks use color appropriate for protolith

Colors by Age:
Quaternary yellow, pale yellow, white
Cenozoic brown, orange, rust
Mesozoic green, olive
Paleozoic blue, purple
Precambrian red, pink

Geologic Field Notes

Notes recorded in the field provide a record of observation for future use of the note taker and other geologists. Often field notes are kept on permanent file by government survey and industry and provide a legal record of data collected in the field. At field camp notes should be used to fill in the details and refresh the memory of the note taker. Without notes it is not possible remember all of the outcrops, road cuts and samples collected in a days work. The notes should be concise, legible, systematic and descriptive. Each page should have a date and general location. Specific notes should be tied to specific locations such as numbered stations on a base map. The name of the base map and/or aerial photograph should always be included in the notes.

Notebooks should be permanent, not loose leaf and should be written in with a waterproof medium such as pencil or waterproof ink. Ballpoint pens are not acceptable. You should never make erasures in a field notebook or skip pages. Corrections should be made by striking out errors.

Drawings, cross-sections and sketches are some of the most useful material included in a field notebook. Each sketch should have a north arrow or other means of orienting the drawing. A scale bar or comment on scale should be included in each drawing.

Note taking procedures vary according to the purpose of the project and individual style and preference. However, all good field notes follow a system worked out in advance. This system or checklist can be pasted into the notebook and reviewed at each station so as not to forget to include pertinent information. The following checklist indicates items which might be recorded at a station. In practice most details are recorded only for stations at which a new formation or lithology is encountered, or where a special feature is noted (e.g. minor folds or particularly well preserved fossils). Terms like “similar to Sta. 7” are convenient time savers. It is often desirable to include notes and comments on the geology between specific stations by writing “SLO” (since last observation) and summarizing.

Check List:

1. Identification
a) date
b) location - general for each day, specific for each station
c) Photo or basemap identification (only for each day or change)
d) Formation name, symbol, lithology, age as appropriate

2. Strike and dip of bedding, foliation, or joints. Be sure to separate each of the three types of surfaces and use the appropriate symbol. It is useful to plot these by symbol in the margin of your notebook beside the station number and using north as the top of the notebook page. Be sure to both sate and indicate if the beds are overturned and indicate your criteria for this determination.

3. Gross characteristics
a) outcrop: size or exposed thickness, weathering characteristics including color, massiveness, typical soil and vegetation for this lithology, ridge former (resistant), valley or slope former (easily eroded).

b) Primary structures: bed thickness, cross-bedding, ripple marks, flow banding, columnar joints, compositional variation, grain or crystal size.

c) Deformational structures: fault surfaces, slickenside striae, drag folds, rock cleavage, lineation.

4. Lithology
a) color of fresh unweathered surface
b) texture (use hand lens) including: grain size, roundness/angularity, sorting, induration, cement, porosity and permeability as appropriate.
c) Mineral and grain composition - estimate percent values

5. Sample number if collected. All samples should be assigned a sample number based on some predetermined scheme. Some people prefer to use their initials followed by year and a continuous list of numbers for that year. Others prefer to use a three-letter designator for each locality e.g. WJF-91-310 for the 310th sample collected by Fritz during 1991 or FPG-91-21 might be the 21st sample collected in 1991 at Frying Pan Gulch. In either case, all samples should be numbered following a scheme that is explain in your notebook. To avoid confusion the same number should never be used more than once!

6. Miscellaneous comments: fossils, nature of contacts (buried, sharp, gradational), interpretations and suggestions for future testing of hypotheses.

7. Sketch: Include cross-section, outcrop and hand specimen sale drawings.

Example covering many of the check list items:

4 July 1998

Armstead Anticline, Beaverhead County, Montana. Map area located 2 miles north of the Clark Canyon Reservoir and West of I-15 on the Armstead 7.5’ quadrangle. Station numbers pinned and circled on the base map.

Sta. 42. Flathead Sandstone Cf 15’ exposed N15W, 50E

Brown to tan weathering, cliff forming outcrop; elsewhere has brush covered sandy soil with hard sandstone fragments.

Thick beds (3-5’) except for 1’ shale and 3’ slabby, hematitic, glauconitic sandstone near top of exposure. Exposure cross-bedded at base.

Fresh rock: Hard well-indurated ss, light gray with specks and spots of limonite stain (from weathered glauconite??). Dominantly coarse-grained, subrounded, fairly well-sorted; visible porosity; silica cement. 95% quartz and 5% glauconite and heavy minerals except for 20+% glauconite, partly altered to hematite in upper 3’ of exposure; green fine-grained micaceous clay shale in a 1’ zone in middle of outcrop.

Samples: AA-93-05 of basal cross-bedded sandstone; AA-93-06 of clay shale, location as shown in cross section.

Comments: Green shale appears identical to that seen in the lowest Wolsey Shale.

Contacts: Upper contact with Cw sharp and well-exposed. Lower contact with pCu covered; however, granitic gneiss crops out 35-50’ to the west.

SLO traversed 3/4 mile to the north parallel to the ridge of Flathead SS of Sta 42. Followed a small gully east of the ridge that appears to be eroded into the Wolsey Shale. Beds to the north appear to wrap eastward into the nose of a fold.

Sta 43. Cf as per Sta 42 except 3-5’ thicker and basal cross bedding less well developed. N5E, 75E


A. Rules:

  1. No Smoking in the field under penalty of expulsion from the course
  2. No alcohol is allowed in state vehicles or at any time while in the field
  3. Under no circumstances will any participant be allowed to enter any mine shaft, adit, pit, or other workings--active or abandoned
  4. Rock climbing or scaling of cliffs is expressly forbidden
  5. Each participant agrees to be ready to depart for the field on time each morning and to be properly attired and equipped (including a watch) for geology field work
  6. Do not arrive late to the pick-up point for return from the field
  7. All students must carry and drink 2 quarts of water each day to avoid dehydration caused by the hot sun and low humidity
  8. Official Georgia State University vehicles are to be used only for official field duties. They are not available for leisure time activities in the evenings or days off
  9. State vehicles may be operated only by authorized drivers. Under no circumstances will they be driven by anyone else
  10. Any private autos with the group on the Washington trip will be subject to the rules of the group and must remain as part of the GSU convoy
  11. Fighting, sexual harassment, illegal drugs, and weapons are not permitted and are grounds for dismissal
  12. Participants agree to abide by these and any other rules as may be issued during the course.

B. Recommendations:

  1. Excessive skin exposure to the sun can lead to poor judgement, sun-stroke, heat exhaustion, skin cancer, etc. Thus, each student is “strongly recommended” to wear a hat, long trousers, long-sleeved shirt, and field boots. Any student deemed not suitably dressed for field work will not be allowed to participate in that day’s activities
  2. Try to avoid being late. Missing a pick-up time or field appointment will cause searches to be initiated immediately--a needless waste of time and money if you are not lost or injured. If you are late you also risk ridicule by the other students.
  3. Even though conducted in rugged country, most field camp injuries have resulted from frisbee tossing, ball games, swimming, and other leisure-time activities. Please use common sense at all times.

C. Other Information:

Medical insurance is provided by your student activity fee and camper insurance ($2,500 maximum claim) by the Field Camp account. To be reimbursed from the camper insurance policy you must adhere to the following procedure:

Small expenditures under $100.00 should be paid for in cash at the time the service is rendered and a full, written receipt obtained. Field camp staff will give you the cash ahead of time or reimburse a proper receipt on the spot. Expenses over $50.00 require a doctor’s signature on a special form. Expenditures over $100.00 will be arranged according to the situation. Your responsibility is to coordinate with Field Camp staff to be sure that all bills (hospital, doctor, clinic, medication, other charges) are reported on the proper forms.


  1. Shared rooms are reserved for married couples, or occupants of the same sex
  2. All individuals will abide by Montana law, federal law and College regulations regarding intoxicants, narcotics and drugs. Alcohol is allowed only within the individual room. alcohol cannot be consumed in corridors, lobbies, TV lounges, other buildings on campus or on campus property.
  3. Fireworks, explosives and highly flammable materials are not allowed within the residence halls or buildings or on the grounds.
  4. Bicycles are not allowed in student rooms, study rooms or stairwells. They must be parked at locations specifically for bicycles.
  5. Animals are not allowed in any location in the residence halls for dining room.
  6. Hot plates or similar appliances are not permitted in rooms nor is any type of cooking allowed in any room
  7. Remodeling or renovating of rooms or furniture, tampering with the electrical or mechanical fixtures or phones in the rooms, placement of antennas for radios, television, etc., out of windows, removal of or addition of furniture without arrangement with the College representative is not permitted.
  8. Attaching any object to any College premise by nail, screw, glue or alteration of the premises in any manner whatsoever without prior permission of appropriate College representative is not permitted.
  9. Parking in the service or fire lanes adjacent to the residence halls is not allowed.
  10. Tampering with or removal of windows or window screens from any part of the building is not allowed.
  11. Tampering with the fire system or fire fighting equipment is not allowed.
  12. Removal of lounge or common area furniture into individual rooms is not allowed without prior permission from appropriate College representative.
  13. The use and unlocking of common area doors which are to be continuously locked or locked at specified times is not allowed
  14. Solicitation in any form is not permitted.


The College may exercise the following rights:

  1. To enter any room or building for the purpose of inspection, repair or emergency
  2. To reassign residents within a residence hall, after timely notification, in order to accomplish necessary repairs and renovation to the building.
  3. To revoke the campus privilege including residency in or utilization of any of its buildings of any occupant whose conduct, solely in the College’s opinion, become injurious or potentially injurious to the academic community.