Observable Verbs
for
Cognitive Domain Instructional Objectives

*Depending on the meaning for use, some verbs may apply on more than one level.
 
Knowledge:
Recall of information
Comprehension:
Interpret information in one's own words
Application:
Use knowledge or generalization in a new situation
arrange 
define 
duplicate 
label 
list 
match 
memorize
name
order
recognize
relate
recall
repeat
reproduce
classify 
describe 
discuss 
explain 
express 
identify 
indicate 
locate 
recognize
report
restate
review
select
sort
tell
translate
apply 
choose 
demonstrate 
dramatize 
employ 
illustrate 
interpret 
operate
prepare
practice
schedule
sketch
solve
use
Analysis:
Break down knowledge into parts and show relationships among parts
Synthesis:
Bring together parts of knowledge to form a whole and build relationships for new situations
Evaluation:
Make judgments on basis of given criteria
analyze 
appraise 
calculate 
categorize 
compare 
contrast 
criticize 
diagram 
differentiate
discriminate
distinguish
examine
experiment
inventory
question
test
arrange 
assemble 
collect 
compose 
construct 
create 
design 
formulate 
manage
organize
plan
prepare
propose
set up
synthesize
write
appraise 
argue 
assess 
attack 
choose 
compare 
defend 
estimate 
evaluate
judge
predict
rate
score
select
support
value



Page last updated 6 September, 1999.