Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, final exam topics
This is just a list of terms, examples, concepts, etc. that you ought to be familiar with, and some questions you should be able to address. Simply memorizing terms isn't sufficient for understanding the class material, of course, but this might be of some use to you as a start to approaching what you ought to know. This list is in addition to the items mentioned explicitly in the essay questions; I've haven't included all those items here, for the sake of saving time and space. Look over the list of possible reading response paper too to get a handle on what we've covered.
Augustine Basically covered by the essay questions. But
- Similarities to Aristotle's starting-place for ethics
- Psychological and ethical hedonism
- Proofs of hedonism
- Types of pleasure: kinetic/static, bodily/mental, relationships between these types
- Good vs. choiceworthy, bad vs. to be avoided
- Types of desires, characteristics of each types
- The virtues, relationship of each to prudence, reasons for endorsing them
- Value of wisdom, both practical and theoretical
- our preconception of justice
- basic form of the justice contract
- reason for entering into it
- justice and animals, other countries
- motives for acting justly, value of justice
- justice and relativism
Aquinas Stuff covered in essay question, plus
- Augustine as Platonist in doctrine of higher and lower goods, divisions of the soul
- What is evildoing (plus his objections to inadequate answers offered by Evodius)?
- Origin of evildoing (plus proof of this)
- Punishment and wrongdoing
- Origin and explanation (or lack thereof) of the movement from higher to lower goods
- Reasons for God to give us free will
- foreknowledge and freedom: argument for their incompatibility
- Augustine's response
- Why it's OK to create people you foresee will go to Hell
Return to final exam possible essay questions.
- Theological virtues
- What's distinctive about them and why they exist
- Faith, hope and love: what each is
- In what sense faith and hope are 'second best' and not perfections; why they're virtues nonetheless
- Common characteristics of all law
- eternal law, natural law, human law, divine law, what each is, relationships among each, how each meets definition of 'law'
- what about unjust positive laws?
Return to the Ancient and Medieval Philosophy page.