Origins of Western Philosophy, final exam topics
This is just a list of terms, examples, concepts, etc. that you ought to be familiar with, and some questions you should be able to address. Simply memorizing terms isn't sufficient for understanding the class material, of course, but this might be of some use to you as a start to approaching what you ought to know. This list is in addition to the items mentioned explicitly in the essay questions; I've haven't included all those items here, for the sake of saving time and space. Look over the list of possible reading response paper too to get a handle on what we've covered.
Mind/body problem Stuff covered in essay question, plus
- Ways in which Fred is like the consumer of chicken nuggets
- Various proposed disanalogies and how Norcross responds. (Fred tortures puppies himself, pur actions make no difference, puppies are cute!)
- The 'rationality gambit.' Why rationality makes a huge difference for Epicurus, for Kant.
- Marginal cases: what they are, why they pose a problem for people who advance 'rationality gambit'
- Moral agent v. moral patient
Free will and determinism. Stuff covered in essay question, plus
- What is the identity theory?
- Indiscernability of identicals. Intentional contexts.
- How Carruthers deals with various objections: especially: certainty.
- What is intentionality; how does C. deal with it?
- Nagel and the bat example. How is it supposed to work, how does it act as an objection to reductionist theories of the mind? How is 'reducing' mind to neural activities supposed to be different than reducing water to H2O?
- Churchland: what is a fallacious appeal to ignorance? Why does she think Nagel commits it?
- Churchland: Why is the distinction between hard and easy problems of the mind bogus?
- Qualia and attention.
Skepticism Stuff covered in essay question, plus
- d'Holbach: arguments for determinism being true
- d'Holbach: why determinism is inconsistent with free will.
- d'Holbach: benefits of being a 'fatalist' (not believing in free will)
- Why both determinism and indeterminism are incompatible with moral responsibility
- Determinism and the ability to do otherwise
- Agent vs. event causation
- Agent causation and whether there can be a 'science of man'
- Desires and inclination of the will vs. causing actions
- Why the doctrine of necessity is true
- What liberty is, why it is compatible with necessity
- Why denying necessity undercuts liberty. What do we balme?