I. Why Another Paradigm? More Puzzles for Realism
A. (Mis)Interpretation of Material Circumstances
Military Technology: Offensive or Defensive?
Is Bipolarity or Multipolarity More Stable?
B. Variation in Security Seeking Behavior:
Status Quo vs Revisionist States
Example: Interwar Years
C. Diversity of Actual Goals Pursued by States: Not Just Security
1. Alternative Goals
Economic welfare: United States?
Status/prestige: France after WWII
Ideology and values
Morality, justice, human rights
Promotion of democracy, communism, religion, etc.
II. Overview of the
A. Key Features of the Domestic Paradigm
Actors: Individuals and Groups
Goals: Greater Diversity
Influences: Domestic Power Structures and Institutions
Decision Making: Not Always Rational
B. Variants of the Domestic Paradigm
State (Government) - Society Relations
Complexity: Basic Dimensions of Variation
De/centralization of the government
Fragmentation/homogeneity of society
Autonomy of the government from society
III. The Role of Individuals and Human Characteristics
A. When Individuals Matter
Nature of the Political System
Nature of the Issue
B. How Individual Characteristics Can Matter
1. Human Nature:Inherent aggressiveness?
Problem: Can't account for variation
Problem: Are humans so similar?
2. Individual Personality and Character: Hitler vs Stalin vs Roosevelt
Attitude towards risk
Intellectual and physical capacity
Problem: Not generalizable