Political Orientation is a compilation of information drawn from, in some cases, multiple sources. If one source says that an individual was an Islamist in,
say, 1985, and another says he was pro-government in 1992, the entry would read: "Islamist (1985); pro-government (1992)." In some cases the sources do
not agree, and it is not clear if the individual changed his politics, or if a source is wrong. In a few cases I have dropped information that appears clearly
wrong. In others I have deduced affiliation from voting records.
Click here for an overview of political groups.
al-Nafisi, Abdallah. Al-kuwayt: al-ra'y al-akhar (London: Ta-Ha Advertising, 1978)
Falah Abdallah al-Madiris, "Jama'at al-Ikhwan al-Muslimeen fi al-Kuwayt, al-Bahith.
Nicolas Gavrielides, "Tribal Democracy: the Anatomy of Parliamentary Elections in Kuwait." In Elections in the Middle East: Implications of Recent Trends, ed. Linda Layne, 153-213. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1987.
Khaldoun al-Naqib, 1996.
Mary Ann Tétreault, Stories of Democracy (Columbia University Press, 2000) and al-Hayat October 9,
Hamad al-Jasir in al-Hayat, and various sources.