POLITICAL SCIENCE 8240
Spring Semester 1999
Dr. William M. Downs
The principal aim of this course is to achieve an advanced understanding
of major theoretical, empirical, and substantive issues in contemporary
European political systems. A comparative methodological approach will
encourage critical thinking about key trends and controversies, and it
will enable students to assess the performance of individual political
systems in relation to broader patterns in both Europe and North America.
Readings will introduce a variety of approaches and methods employed in
comparative political analysis. Among the topics covered by readings and
discussions will be the following:
Regarding the last item in this list, the course provides analysis of the
political and economic rationales for the European Union, evidence on the
development of trade and growth in the EU, details of the Single Market
program, analysis of convergence and disparities within the EU and prospects
for EU enlargement by integration of Central European economies. Focus
will be on integration theory and measurement and analysis of EU policy
making illustrated with current issues such as Economic and Monetary Union
domestic influences on US-European relations (political, economic, military)
party systems and coalition government
green politics (rise of ecologist or left-libertarian parties)
promises and pitfalls of European welfare states
political control over national economic policy making
pan-Europeanism (i.e., European integration)
TEXTS AND COURSE MATERIALS
Urwin, Derek W. 1997. A Political History of Western Europe Since
1945, 5th edition. London: Longman.
Laver, Michael and Norman Schofield. 1990. Multiparty
Government: The Politics of Coalition in Europe. New York: Oxford University
Taylor, Paul. 1996. The European Union in the 1990s. Oxford:
Oxford University Press.
Anderson, Christopher. 1995. Blaming the Government: Citizens and
the Economy in Five European Democracies. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe.
Burgess, Michael and Alain-G. Gagnon, eds. 1993. Comparative Federalism
and Federation: Competing Traditions and Future Directions. New York:
Feigenbaum, Harvey B. and Jeffrey R. Henig. 1998. Shrinking the State:
The Political Underpinnings of Privatization. Cambridge: Cambridge
Notes on Articles and Chapters: Additional readings will come
from select journal articles and book chapters, which will be made available
to you. Unless otherwise indicated, all required journal articles and book
chapters are on reserve at Library South. Moreover, we may decide to distribute
a copy of the following week's reading at each seminar session--allowing
those who wish to then arrive at their own system for copying and circulation.
Those for whom neither of the above systems works may be able to check
materials out for 2-hour periods from the file holder on my office door.
COURSE REQUIREMENTS AND GRADING SYSTEM
Review Papers: Students will write two discussion papers
(each approximately 1250 words in length) during the course of the semester.
Essay 1 (peer reviewed essay): You will write an essay on an
assigned question/topic arising from the material being discussed for that
particular week. The review essay will challenge you to focus on a single
or a series of theoretical or methodological questions or criticisms. This
essay will then be reviewed (one-page, typed reviews) by two of your colleagues.
These will then be presented in class using the following rules: one of
the reviewers will present your paper, another will critique it. You, then,
will be given an opportunity to respond. The process is intended (1) to
stimulate wider discussion and collective thinking about the literature
and (2) to socialize you into the professional style of intellectual exchange.
Each essay is due by 5:00 Monday, the day before each seminar session.
Copies are to be given at that time to me and should also be distributed
to all remaining seminar members via e-mail. Reviews are due in class the
day of the presentation. Following the presentation, you should revise
the paper and turn in the final version to me at the next class. I will
take into account the reviewers comments when grading the paper myself,
though I will also make my own assessment.
Essay 2: You will write a second essay on a question/topic of
your own choosing arising from the material being discussed for that particular
week. Again, you will be asked to raise a single or a series of theoretical,
substantive, and/or methodological points deriving from your reading. The
points should be ones designed to contribute to broader seminar-wide discussion.
At the seminar session itself, essay writers will be allocated 15-20 minutes
to present their argument. Each essay is due by 5:00 Monday, the day before
each seminar session. Copies are to be given at that time to me and should
also be distributed to all remaining seminar members via e-mail.
Research Paper: An original research paper addressing one of the
areas emphasized in this seminar is required and due at the end of the
semester (April 27 no later than 5:00, without exception). A one-page
prospectus (clearly stating the research question, principal hypothesis,
and methods) is due on March 2. The final product should take the form
of a conference paper or journal article; in other words, it should be
about 20 pages in length, contain a review of the relevant literature,
and be written in the professional style of the American Political Science
Association. You will present this paper in class and have it critiqued
by a fellow student, and you will also critique the paper of another student.
The objective of this is not the production of research design,
but rather research. You may use whatever methodology you feel is
most appropriate to the issue and which you feel qualified to implement.
I will not be impressed by inept quantitative analysis, nor will I penalize
competent historical, philosophical or case-study approaches.
Exam: The final exam for this course is scheduled for May
5 (8:30-10:30 p.m.). This exam will measure your ability to synthesize
the various and often competing theoretical approaches to European politics.
Participation: I expect the course to be conducted as a
seminar. That means that you need to talk as much as I do. Members are
thus expected to attend all class sessions and to participate actively
at each. Seminar participants must complete the assigned readings on time
and contribute thoughtfully to class discussions.
Grade: The final seminar grade will be determined on the basis
of the following weights:
Review Essay 1 10%
Review Essay 2 10%
Research Paper 35%
Final Exam 25%
Section I: Introduction
January 12 Introduction to European Politics and Political
Introductory comments and discussion of course format.
Framing of central issues and questions.
January 19 Historical and Institutional Foundations of Democracy in
Urwin, Political History of Western Europe, Chapters 1-5, 10
Václav Havel, "The Hope for Europe," The New York Review of Books
(June 20, 1996)
Lane & Ersson, "Historical Legacies," in European Politics,
Smith, "Politics and Society," in Politics in Western Europe
Section II: Players, Institutions, and Rules of the Game
January 26 Structuring Institutions: The Territorial Axis
Burgess and Gagnon, eds., Federalism and Federation: Competing Traditions
and Future Directions (1993), Chapters 1-6, 9-10, Conclusion [Chapters
7-8, 11-13 passim].
Smith, "The Territorial Axis," in Politics in Western Europe
February 2 Structuring Interests: Parties and Party Systems
Ingemar Elander. "Analysing Central-Local Government Relations in Different
Systems: A Conceptual Framework and Some Empirical Illustrations." Scandinavian
Political Studies 14:1 (1991): 31-58.
Ivo D. Duchacek, Comparative Federalism: The Territorial Dimension of
Politics. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970.
February 9 Structuring Power: Making and Breaking
Alan Ware, Political Parties and Party Systems, Introduction &
G. Ross, "Party Decline And Changing Party Systems - France And The French
Communist-Party," Comparative Politics 25:1 (1992): 43-61.
J. A. Schlesinger and M. S. Schlesinger, "Dual-ballot elections and political
parties - The French presidential election of 1995," Comparative
Political Studies 31:1 (1998): 72-97.
K. Deschouwer, "Political-Parties And Democracy - A Mutual Murder,"
European Journal Of Political Research 29:3 (1996): 263-278.
Laver and Schofield, Multiparty Government
Laver, Michael and Kenneth A. Shepsle. 1996. Making and Breaking Governments.
Cambridge University Press.
Downs, William M. 1998. Coalition Government, Subnational Style: Multiparty
Politics in Europe’s Regional Parliaments. Columbus: Ohio State University.
Section III: Domestic Political Economy
February 16 Politics, Economics and the Structure of
Credit and Blame
February 23 Public Sector Politics and the European Welfare State
Anderson, Blaming the Government
Urwin, Political History of Western Europe, Chapters 11-12, 17
March 2 Reinventing Government: The Politics of Privatization
Vincent Wright, "Reshaping the State: The Implications for Public Administration."
European Politics 17:3 (July 1994): 102-137.
B. Guy Peters, "What Future for the Welfare State?" in European Politics
Reconsidered (New York: Holmes & Meier, 1991): 220-255.
Giandomenico Majone, "The Rise of the Regulatory State in Europe." West
European Politics 17:3 (July 1994): 77-101.
J. G. Andersen, "The Scandinavian Welfare Model In Crisis - Achievements
And Problems Of The Danish Welfare-State In An Age Of Unemployment And
Low Growth," Scandinavian Political Studies 20:1 (1997):
March 9 Spring Break
Feigenbaum and Henig, Shrinking the State
Section IV: Politics and Policy in the European Union
March 16 Integration and European Union Politics I
Urwin, Political History of Western Europe, Chapters 6-10, 13-14
Taylor, European Union in the 1990s
March 23 Integration and European Union Politics II
M. J. Gabel, "The Endurance Of Supranational Governance - A Consociational
Interpretation Of The European Union," Comparative Politics
Section V: Deepening and Widening
Alec Stone Sweet and Wayne Sandholtz, "European Integration and Supranational
Governance," in European Integration and Supranational Governance
(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998): 1-44.
J. Pinder, "Economic And Monetary Union - Pillar Of A Federal Polity,"
Journal Of Federalism 26:4 (1996): 123-140.
"The Euro." Europe (September 1997).
David N. Balaam and Michael Veseth. "The European Union: The Economics
and Politics of Integration," in Balaam and Veseth, Introduction to
International Political Economy (1996): 217-240.
March 30 Dealing with Immigration and Unemployment
Urwin, Political History of Western Europe, Chapter 15
J. Money, "No Vacancy - The Political-Geography Of Immigration Control
In Advanced Industrial-Countries," International Organization 54:4
W.D. Chapin, "Auslander Raus - The Empirical Relationship Between Immigration
And Crime In Germany," Social Science Quarterly 78:2 (1997):
M. Baimbridge, B. Burkitt, and M. Macey, "The Maastricht Treaty - Exacerbating
Racism In Europe," Ethnic And Racial Studies 17:3 (1994):
Herbert Kitschelt, The Radical Right in Western Europe, Chapter
April 6 Environmental Politics and the Greens
R. Rohrschneider, "New Party Versus Old Left Realignments - Environmental
Attitudes, Party Policies, And Partisan Affiliations In 4 West-European
Countries," Journal Of Politics (August 1993) 55:3. 682-701.
D. Jahn, "The Rise And Decline Of New Politics And The Greens In Sweden
And Germany - Resource Dependence And New Social Cleavages," European
Journal Of Political Research 24:2 (1993): 177-194.
E.G. Frankland, "Green Revolutions - The Role Of Green Parties In Eastern-Europe
Transition, 1989-1994," East European Quarterly 29:3 (1995):
April 13 Politics of Expansion: Europe Moves Eastward
Urwin, Political History of Western Europe, Chapters 18, 20-22
R. E. Baldwin, "The Eastern Enlargement Of The European Union," European
Economic Review 39:3-4 (1995): 474-481.
C. Preston, "Obstacles To EU Enlargement - The Classical Community Method
And The Prospects For A Wider Europe," Journal Of Common Market
Studies 33:3 (1995): 451-463.
Primary documents: http://europa.eu.int/comm/dg1a/enlarge
April 20 Wither the Atlantic Alliance? US-EU Relations
in the 1990s and Beyond
April 27 Research Papers due
A. Bailes, "Europe Defense Challenge - Reinventing The Atlantic Alliance,"
Affairs 76:1 (1997).
J.R. Oneal and P.F. Diehl, "The Theory Of Collective Action And NATO Defense
Burdens - New Empirical Tests," Political Research Quarterly
47:2 (1994): 373-396.
M. Smith and S. Woolcock, "Learning To Cooperate - The Clinton Administration
And The European Union," International Affairs 70:3 (1994):
Urwin, Political History of Western Europe, Chapter 23
May 5 Exam (8:30-10:30)
Note: This course syllabus provides a general plan for the course;
deviations may be necessary.
Note: Students are responsible for the information contained
in the Academic Honesty policy found in On Campus.