Skip to Content | Text-only

Sara Cushing Weigle, Ph.D.

Department of Applied Linguistics/ESL
Georgia State University

                                                                                                 

     

    Mailing Address:
    P.O. Box 4099
    Atlanta, GA 30302-4099
    Telephone:  404-413-5192
    e-mail:  sweigle@gsu.edu                                                

    Office Address:
    34 Peachtree St. Suite 1200
    Atlanta, GA 30303
    Fax:  404-413-5201

     

Education

 

1994    Ph.D., Applied Linguistics, University of California, Los Angeles

1988    M.A., Teaching English as a Second Language, University of California,

            Los Angeles

1980    B.A., German Studies, Stanford University

 

Academic Positions  

 

Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, Department of Applied Linguistics & ESL 
            Professor (2012-present)
            Associate Professor (2004-2012)
            Assistant Professor (1997-2004)

Soka University of America, Calabasas, California
            Adjunct Assistant Professor (1996)

University of California, Los Angeles, Department of TESL/AL
            Visiting Assistant Professor (1995-97)

 

Courses Taught 
 

Graduate

 

Georgia State University
General Linguistics

Research Design and Statistics for Applied Linguistics

Second Language Assessment and Evaluation

Quantitative Research Methods

Doctoral Seminar in Performance Assessment
Issues in Second Language Writing

Linguistic Analysis

Approaches to Teaching English as a Second Language
Materials Design, Development, and Publication
Practicum in ESL/EFL Teaching
Preparation for Undergraduate Teaching

National University of Cordoba & National University of Rio Cuarto, Argentina

Research Methods for Applied Linguistics

UCLA
Introduction to Language Testing
Research Design and Statistics for Applied Linguistics

Soka University of America
Basic TESOL Methodology

UCLA Extension
Methods of Teaching English Usage and Structure in the ESL Classroom


Undergraduate


Georgia State University
Introduction to Linguistics
Languages of the World

Freshman Orientation (GSU 1010)

Morphology & Syntax

  

English as a Second Language

 

Georgia State University
Advanced Pronunciation for Graduate Students
Academic English for Graduate Students (Level I)
Advanced Structure/Composition

UCLA
Advanced Oral Skills for International Teaching Assistants
High Intermediate and Advanced Academic ESL
English for Pedagogical Purposes
Developmental Composition for ESL Students
Content-based ESL (adjuncted to Psychology & Communications courses)

 

Other Teaching Experience

 

UCLA, ESL Section, Teaching Assistant (1987-93)

UCLA, Education Extension, Instructor (1992)

Eötvös Lorand University, Faculty of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary, Lecturer (1990)
Various Organizations, Vienna, Austria, EFL Teacher (1981- 82)

 

Administrative Experience  

 

Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, Department of Applied Linguistics & ESL

Department Chair (2008-present)
Director of Undergraduate Studies (2005-2008)

Director of Test Research and Development (2002–present)

Director of ESL Testing (1999–2001)

Director of ESL Service Courses (1999–2001)
Coordinator of ESL Tutoring Laboratory (1998–2000)
Director of ESL Program (1997–1998)
 

 

University of California, Los Angeles, Department of TESL/AL (1995-1997)
            Director, English as a Second Language Placement Examination
 

 

UCLA Center for the Study of Evaluation

            Project Coordinator (1994-95)

 

Publications  

 

Books

 

Weigle, S. C. (2002).  Assessing Writing.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 

 

Refereed Journal Articles

 

Weigle, S.C. (2010).  Validation of automated scores of TOEFL iBT tasks against non-test indicators of writing ability.  Language Testing, 27, 3, 335-353.

Weigle, S.C. (2007).  Teaching writing teachers about assessment.  Journal of Second Language Writing, 16, 3,194-209.

Weigle, S.C. (2004).  Integrating reading and writing in a competency test for non-native speakers of English.  Assessing Writing, 9, 1, 27-55.

Weigle, S.C. & Nelson, G. (2004).  Novice tutors and their ESL tutees: Three case studies of tutor roles and perceptions of tutorial success.  Journal of Second Language Writing 13, 203-225.

Weigle, S.C., & Murphy, J. (2003).  Mentoring and support for GTAs in ESL programs: An exploratory study of current practices.  Journal of Graduate Teaching Assistant Development, 9, 3, 121-133.  

Weigle, S.C., Boldt, H., & Valsecchi, M.I. (2003).  Effects of task and rater background on the evaluation of ESL student writing: A pilot study.  TESOL Quarterly, 37, 2, 345-354   

Boldt, H., Valsecchi, M.I., & Weigle, S.C. (2001).  Evaluation of ESL student writing on text-responsible and non-text responsible writing tasks.  MEXTESOL Journal, 24, 13-33.

Weigle, S.C. (1999).  Examining the role of the rater in determining writing prompt equivalence: Quantitative and qualitative approaches.  Assessing Writing, 6, 2, 145-178.

Weigle, S.C. (1998).  Using FACETS to model rater training effects.  Language Testing, 15, 2, 264-288.

Weigle, S.C. & Jensen, L. (1996).  Reading rate development in university ESL courses.  CATESOL Journal, 9, 2, 55-71.

Weigle, S.C. (1994).  Effects of training on raters of ESL compositions.  Language Testing, 11, 2, 197-223.

 

  

Chapters in Edited Volumes 

 

Weigle, S.C. (under contract).  Assessing literacy.  In A. Kunnan (Ed.), The companion to language assessment. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. 


Weigle, S.C. (under contract).  Considerations for teaching an ESL/EFL writing course.  In M. Celce-Murcia, D. Brinton, & M.A. Snow (Eds.), Teaching English as a second or foreign language  (4th Edition).  Boston: Heinle Cengage.
 

Weigle, S.C. (forthcoming).  Assessing writing.  In C. Coombe, B. O’Sullivan, P. Davidson, and S. Stoynoff (Eds.), The Cambridge Guide to Language Assessment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

Weigle, S.C. (2006).  Investing in assessment: Designing tests to promote positive washback. In P. Matsuda, C. Ortmeier-Hooper, & X. You (Ed.), Politics of second language writing: In search of the promised land, pp. 222-244.  W. Lafayette, IN: Parlor Press.

 

Weigle, S.C. (2005).  Second language writing expertise.  In K. Johnson (Ed.), Expertise in Language Learning and Teaching, pp. 128-149.  Hampshire, England: Palgrave Macmillan. 

 

Weigle, S.C. & Nelson, G. (2001).  Academic writing for university examinations.  In I. Leki (Ed.), Case studies in academic writing programs.  Alexandria, VA: TESOL, Inc.

 

Weigle, S.C. & Jensen, L. (1997).  Assessment issues for content-based instruction.  In M. A. Snow and D. Brinton (Eds.), The content-based classroom: Perspectives on integrating language and content, pp. 201-212.  White Plains, NY: Addison Wesley Longman.

 

Weigle, S.C. & Lynch, B.K. (1996).  Hypothesis testing in construct validation.  In A. Cumming (Ed.), Selected papers from the 1992 Language Testing Research Colloquium, 58-71.  Avedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.

 

Published Reviews

 

Weigle, S.C. (2010).  Review of Shaw, S.D. & Weir, C.J. (2007).  Examining writing: Research and practice in assessing second language writing.  Language Testing, 27, 1, 141-4. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (2005).  Review of Ferris, D. and Hedgcock, J.S. (2005).  Teaching English composition: Purpose, process, and practice (2nd edition).  Language Teaching Research, 9, 3, 347-50. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (2000).  Review of Michigan English Language Assessment Battery.  Language Testing, 17, 4, 449-55.

Cushing, S.T. (1990).  Review of The Newbury House TOEFL Preparation Kit.  Issues in Applied Linguistics, 1, 2, 281-6.

 

Encyclopedia Entries

 

Weigle, S.C. (in press).  The assessment of writing.  In C. Chapelle (Ed.), The encyclopedia of applied linguistics.  Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. 

 

Technical Reports

 

Weigle, S.C. (1995).  Initial cutoff ranges for the BEST and NYS Place Test for Placement into Model Standards proficiency levels.  Technical Report: UCLA Center for the Study of Evaluation. Available through ERIC Database (#ED423715).

 

Butler, F.B., Weigle, S.C., Kahn, A., & Sato, E. (1996).  Test development plan with specifications for placement instruments anchored to the Model Standards.  Technical Report: UCLA Center for the Study of Evaluation.  Available through ERIC Database (#ED423714).

 

Kahn, A., Butler, F.B., Weigle, S.C., & Sato, E. (1995).  Adult Education ESL Assessment Project: Final report year 3.  Technical Report: UCLA Center for the Study of Evaluation.  Available through ERIC Database (#ED423713).

 

Weigle, S.C., Kahn, A., Butler, F.B., & Sato, E. (1994).  Adult Education ESL Assessment Project: Final report year 2.  Technical Report: UCLA Center for the Study of Evaluation.

 

Kahn, A., Butler, F.B., Weigle, S.C., & Sato, E. (1994).  Adult ESL placement procedures in California: A summary of survey results.  Technical Report: UCLA Center for the Study of Evaluation. Available through ERIC Database (#ED423712).

 

Butler, F.B., Weigle, S.C., Kahn, A., & Sato, E. (1993).  Adult Education ESL Assessment Project: Final report year 1.  Technical Report: UCLA Center for the Study of Evaluation.

 

Invited Presentations

 

Weigle, S.C.  (2011, August).  Current trends in high-stakes writing assessment.  Invited keynote paper, Korean English Language Testing Association, Seoul, Korea. 

 

Weigle, S.C.  (2011, August).  Automated scoring of ESL/EFL writing.  Invited lecture, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (2010, October).  Teaching second language writers: Theory, tips, techniques.  Invited workshop, San Jose State University, San Jose, CA. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (2010, February).  Language assessment: Beginning with the end in mindInvited plenary presentation.  NileTESOL, Cairo, Egypt. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (2009, November).  Comparing e-rater and human scores on TOEFL iBT Independent tasks with other indicators of writing ability.  Invited paper, Symposium on Second Language Writing, Tempe, Arizona.

 

Weigle, S.C. (2009, September).  Validity of automated scores of TOEFL iBT Tasks.  Paper presented at TOEFL Research Symposium, ETS, Princeton, NJ. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (2007, May).  Automated scoring of ESL writing: promise or peril?  Invited plenary presentation, Southern California Association of Language Assessment Research, University of California, Los Angeles. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (2007, May).  Designing tasks and rubrics for writing assessment.  Invited symposium, Southern California Association of Language Assessment Research, University of California, Los Angeles. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (2007, March).  Computer scoring of ESL writing.  Invited presentation,  Michigan State University.    

 

Weigle, S.C. (2007, March).  Writing assessment for writing teachers.  Keynote speaker, GATESOL, College Park, GA. 

Weigle, S.C. (2006, September).  Computer scoring of ESL writing.  Invited presentation, University of Minnesota Department of ESL. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (2006, September).  The integration of reading and writing in language assessment.  Invited presentation, Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition, University of Minnesota. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (2004, October).  Cognitive and social-constructivist perspectives on writing: Implications for assessment.  Invited plenary paper, East Coast Organization of Language Testers, Washington, D.C. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (2004, September).  Investing in assessment: Designing tests for positive washback.  Invited presentation, Symposium on Second Language Writing, Purdue University, W. Lafayette, Indiana.  (featured speaker)

 

Weigle, S.C. (2004, April).  Six good reasons to learn about assessment.  Invited presentation, Higher Education Interest Section Academic Session, TESOL,  Long Beach, CA.   

 

Weigle, S.C. (2002, January).  Development and validation of an integrated reading/writing test.  Invited presentation, Ontario Institute of Studies in Education, Toronto, Canada, January 2003. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (1999, September).  Issues in second language writing assessment: Task design and scoring procedures.  Invited colloquium, University of Alabama at Huntsville.

 

Conference Presentations

 

Yang, W., Weigle, S.C., Montee, M., Shaver, H. & Conley, W. (2011, March).  Assessing reading through short answer questions: validity evidence from a cognitive processing perspective.  Paper presented at AAAL, Chicago, IL.

 

Li, M., Friginal, E. & Weigle, S.C. (2011, March).  Multiple profiles of highly-rated NS and NNS Essays: A corpus-based comparison.  Paper presented at AAAL, Chicago, IL.

 

Weigle, S.C. & Parker, K. (2011, March).  Source text borrowing in an integrated reading & writing assessment.  Paper presented at AAAL, Chicago, IL.

 

Weigle, S.C., Yang, W., Montee, M., Shaver, H. & Conley, W. (2010, October).  Assessing reading through short answer questions: validity evidence from a cognitive processing perspective.  Paper presented at ECOLT, Washington, DC.

 

Weigle, S.C. & Friginal, E. (2010, April).  Linguistic characteristics of NS and NNS responses to impromptu essay prompts.  Paper presented at LTRC, Cambridge, UK. 

 

Weigle, S.C. & Parker, K. (2010, March).  Textual borrowing in an integrated reading/writing assessment.  Paper presented at AAAL, Atlanta, GA. 

 

Yang, W., Li, M., Ye, L., & Weigle, S.C. (2010, March).  Rater and task effects on scores on TOEFL iBT independent writing tasks.  Paper presented at AAAL, Atlanta, GA. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (2009, March).  Automated and human scoring of ESL writing.  Paper presented at AAAL, Denver, CO. 

 

Weigle, S.C. & Yang, W. (2009, March).  Validation and implementation of an integrated reading and writing test.  Paper presented at LTRC, Denver, CO. 

 

Weigle, S.C., Lu, Y., & Baker, A. (2007, November).  Validating automated essay scoring for ESL writers.  Paper presented at the East Coast Organization of Language Testers, Washington, D.C.

 

Weigle, S.C., Baker, A., & Lu, Y  (2007, June).  Validation of automated essay scoring for ESL writers.  Paper presented at the Language Testing Research Colloquium, Barcelona, Spain. 

 

Belcher, D., Weigle, S.C., & Cavusgil, S. (2006, March).  Establishing effective graduate student writer/mentor relationships.  Paper presented at TESOL, Tampa, Florida

 

Murphy, J. & Weigle, S.C. (2005, March).  Survey of the MATESOL methods course.  Paper presented at TESOL, San Antonio, Texas.  

 

Weigle, S.C.  & Nelson, G. (2004, April).  Learning to tutor ESL writing students.  Paper presented at TESOL, Long Beach, CA.. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (2003, March).  Development of an integrated reading/writing test.  Paper presented at TESOL, Baltimore. 

 

Weigle, S.C. (2002, April).  Large-scale and classroom-based writing assessment.  Paper presented at TESOL, Salt Lake City, Utah.  (Audiotaped session)

 

Weigle, S.C., Boldt, H., & Valsecchi, M.I. (2001, March).  Content professors' ratings of ESL student writing.  Paper presented at TESOL, St. Louis, MO.  (Audiotaped session)

 

Weigle, S.C. & Murphy, J. (2001, March).  Institutional and departmental support of ESL GTAs.  Paper presented at TESOL, St. Louis, MO. 

 

Bunting, J., Weigle, S.C., Nystrom, S., Nicholson, M., & Sheehan, J. (2001, March).  Broadening the subject pool for applied linguistics research.  Paper presented at AAAL, St. Louis, MO.

 

Sheehan, J., Bunting, J., Weigle, S., Nicholson, M., Lutenbacher, C., Nystrom, S., Smith, F. &, Maslekoff, D. (2000, October).  Mainstream TESOL research subjects: A review of six journals. Paper presented at Southeast TESOL Conference, Miami, Florida. 

 

Weigle, S.C., Lamison, B., & Peters, K. (2000. October).  Topic selection on a standardized writing assessment.  Paper presented at Southeast Regional TESOL, Miami, FL.

 

Weigle, S.C., Cavusgil, S., Yance, J. & Firestone, S. (2000, March).  Developing promotion and exit standards for ESL courses.  Paper presented at TESOL, Vancouver, B.C.

 

Weigle, S. C. (1998, March).  Investigating writing task equivalence through rater judgments.  Paper presented at TESOL, Seattle, WA.

 

Butler, F., Weigle, S.C., Kahn, A., & Sato, E. (1995, March).  Operationalizing content validity: A process approach.  Paper presented at the Language Testing Research Colloquium, Long Beach, CA.

 

Weigle, S.C., Butler, F., Kahn, A. & Sato, E. (1995, March).  Placement instruments for adult ESL programs: The selection process.  Paper presented at TESOL, Long Beach, CA.

 

Weigle, S.C. & Darling, L. J. (1995, March).  Reading rate development: Three studies.  Paper presented at TESOL, Long Beach, CA.

 

Weigle, S.C. (1994, March).  Using FACETS to model rater training effects.  Paper presented at the Language Testing Research Colloquium, Washington, D.C.

 

Coady, J., Weigle, S.C., & Jensen, L. (1994, March).  Research in reading rate development.  Paper presented at TESOL, Baltimore, MD.

 

Cushing, S.T. (1993, April).  Decision making processes of ESL composition raters.  Paper presented at AAAL, Atlanta, GA.

 

Cushing, S.T. (1993, April).  L2 proficiency, academic status, and lecture note content.  Paper presented at TESOL, Atlanta, GA.

 

Bachman, L., Cushing, S.T., & Purpura, J.E. (1993, April).  Designing a research questionnaire to explore test taker characteristics.  Paper presented at TESOL, Atlanta, GA.

 

Cushing, S.T., Butler, F., Bycina, D., Kraft, C., & Weasenforth, D. (1993, April).  Testing academic English proficiency.  Paper presented at TESOL, Atlanta, GA.

 

Lynch, B. & Cushing, S.T. (1992, March).  Hypothesis testing in construct validation.  Poster presentation at the Language Testing Research Colloquium, Vancouver, B.C.

 

Cushing, S. T. (1991, March).  English for Pedagogical Purposes: Language training for content teachers.  Paper presented at TESOL, New York, NY.

 

Cushing, S.T. (1990, March).  Reading rate development in university ESL courses.  Paper presented at TESOL, San Francisco, CA.

 

Eyring, J., & Cushing, S.T. (1989, April).  Project work in academic ESL courses.  Paper presented at CATESOL, Long Beach, CA.

 

Schumann, J., Cushing, S.T., Taylor, H., & Webster, K. (1988, March).  Further research on a lexical method for language learning.  Paper presented at TESOL, Chicago, IL.

 

Student Supervision
 

Dissertations directed

 

Yanbin Lu, "Cognitive factors contributing to Chinese EFL learners' L2 writing performance in timed essay writing." Defended June 2010.

 

Liang Guo, "Product and process in TOEFL iBT independent and integrated writing tasks: An investigation of construct validity." Proposal defended October 2010.

 

Lijuan Ye, “The teaching and learning of Chinese as a foreign language (CFL) in the U.S.: To delay or not to delay the character introduction.” (Co-Chair). Proposal defended August 2010.  

 

Undergraduate honors' theses directed

Keisha Parker, "Patchwriting in an integrated reading and writing assessment:

A study on textual borrowing in a timed integrated task."  Completed December 2010.   


Professional Consulting

 English Language Specialist, U.S. Department of State, Cairo, Egypt (2010)
Reviewer, Intensive English Program, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (2008) Writing Assessment Consultant,  National Assessment of Adult Literacy, (2004-present)
Research Consultant, Dr. Patricia Carrell, ETS study of note-taking on TOEFL listening  (2003-2005)
Reviewer of IPT Writing Test, Ballard & Tighe Publishers, Brea, CA (2002)
Language Proficiency Assessor, Egyptian Teacher Training Initiative, Georgia State University
(1998-99) 
Vocational English Assessor, Nelson Nameplate Inc., Los Angeles, CA (1994)
Language Proficiency Assessor, Advanced English Program, UCLA (1991)
Test Development Consultant, University of Southern California (1990-91)

Editorial Projects

 

Editorial Service 

Book Review Editor, Language Testing (2003-2009) 

Editorial Board, Language Testing (2002-present) 

Editorial Board, Assessing Writing (2003-present)

Editorial Board, Journal of Second Language Writing (2008-present)

Editor, TESOL Research Interest Section Newsletter (March 1998 – March 2003)

 

Evaluation/Manuscript Reviewing

External evaluator, Ph.D. Candidate, University of Malaya (2011)
External evaluator, Ph.D. Candidate, McGill University (2010)
External evaluator, Ph.D. Candidate, University of Melbourne (2010)

External evaluator, candidate for tenure and promotion to Associate Professor, University of Central Florida (2008)

External evaluator, Ph.D. degree candidate, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto (2008)

External evaluator, Ph.D. degree candidate, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto (2002-2003)

Strand coordinator, American Association of Applied Linguistics conference proposals (2008)

Reviewer, East Coast Origination of Language Testers conference proposals (2003, 2006, 2008, 2009) 

Reviewer, TESOL Research Interest Section/Newbury House Distinguished Research Award (1999, 2002, 2006)

Reviewer, Research Interest Section proposals for TESOL conference (1998, 1999, 2001, 2005, 2006)

Reviewer, American Association of Applied Linguistics conference proposals (1998, 1999, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2007)

Reviewer, Language Testing Research Colloquium conference proposals (1996, 2003, 2005, 2006)

External reviewer, M.A. degree candidate, University of Melbourne (1996)

Manuscript reviewer, TESOL Quarterly, Journal of Second Language Writing, Language Learning, Assessing Writing, ESP Journal, Language Testing, Issues in Applied Linguistics, Language Assessment Quarterly, Yale University Press, Cambridge University Press, Educational Testing Service (1996—present)


Professional Activities

 

Memberships

Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL)

American Association of Applied Linguistics (AAAL)

International Language Testing Association (ILTA)

 

Offices/Committees

Treasurer, International Language Testing Association (2009-present)
Co-chair, Language Testing Research Colloquium (March 2009)
Member, Standing Committee on Research, TESOL (March 2006-present)

Chair, Research Interest Section, TESOL (2006-2007)
Member-at-large, Executive Board, International Language Testing Association (2003-2004)

Member, TOEFL Committee of Examiners, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ (1996-99)

 

University Service

 

University Senate, 2003-present

Chair, Senate Committee on Academic Programs, 2008-present

Chair, Undergraduate Council, Committee on Academic Programs, 2003-2008

Member, Senate Committee on Academic Programs, 2003-present

Member, Senate Admissions & Standards Committee, 2003-present

Member, Hardship Withdrawal Appeals Committee, 2006-2007

Member, Hardship Withdrawal Committee, 2007-present

Member, Search Committee, Coordinator of Student Assistance, Dean of Students Office, 2007

 

Grants, Honors, Awards, and Recognition

 

Assessing reading comprehension through short answer questions: Validity evidence from a cognitive processing perspective.  ($22,500).    Research on the Challenges of Acquiring Language and Literacy Initiative Funding Project from GSU Provost Office. (2009) 

Validation of automated scoring of TOEFL iBT tasks against non-test indicators of writing ability  ($101,417); Educational Testing Service Sponsored Research Grant (2006)

Fulbright Senior Specialist Grant to teach Research Methods in Applied Linguistics in Cordoba and Rio Cuarto, Argentina (2004)

Freshman Learning Community Summer Grant ($2000), Georgia State University (2003)

Revision of the Georgia State English Proficiency Test.  Instructional Improvement Grant ($5000), Georgia State University (2000)

Developing promotion and exit standards for ESL courses.  Instructional Improvement Grant ($1800), Georgia State University (1998)

TOEFL Award for Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation in Language Testing (1996)