Effects of Smoking on Cardiovascular Health
Goal Statement: TSW understand the effects of smoking on the cardiovascular system by using the world wide web and other resources to research statistics and facts.
Objective Statement: Eighty percent of the students will be able to identify the major effects of smoking on the cardiovascular system by answering lecture questions and making at least an eighty out of one hundred on a short quiz at the end of the lesson.
Anticipatory Set: Students will answer the following set of questions as a class to the best of their ability. The teacher will record their answers on the front board so that students may check back later in the lesson to see if their predictions were correct.
How many students do you think have tried one or two puffs of a cigarette? (In GA/ in the U.S.)
How many students do you think have smoked for the first time before they were thirteen? (In GA/ in the U.S.)
What is the percent of students that you think have smoked on school property? (In GA/ in the U.S.)
What are some of the effects of cigarette smoking on someone’s cardiovascular system?
The class will discuss each answer and talk about why they think that their answer is correct.
Lesson concept: The students will use the internet to find out information about students their age and the short term and long-term effects of smoking on the cardiovascular system.
Lesson cues: Students will be able to use the following web sites:
www.gsu.edu/~wwwche and click on Health Web Sites Links: mental health (youth risk behavior survey results on-line) and Tobacco, Alcohol, and other drugs (nicotine addiction and use the questions in the index box on this link)
Teacher Modeling: The students will use the internet to find answers to the questions on a handout that will be given to the entire class. The students may use only these websites while researching and should answer the questions in complete sentences. Students need to write their sources for each question in the space provided on the handout (the name of the website will be sufficient for this task). The students should be able to explain their answer to the class if called upon. The teacher should ask several open ended questions to ask the students. For example: Which web sites will you be using to find the information that you are seeking? How will you know where you found your information when you look back at your questions? What do you need to be able to do when you are done answering all of your questions?
Student Activity: This lesson is most appropriate for the ninth grade level because around the age of fourteen is when experimenting with tobacco becomes a big issue. These students may be going through some of the decisions on using tobacco and they need to be aware of the risks that they are putting themselves in. By using the inquiry model students will be using a set of questions and the internet to seek information about smoking and the effects on the cardiovascular system. This activity would be best performed in a computer lab where each student will have their own computer to do their research.
Closure: The students will be randomly selected to come to the front of the computer lab and show their results and share with the class exactly where they found their information by using a computer that is projected in the front of the computer lab. This will allow students to reflect together on their research and have the opportunity to see results that they themselves may not have found.
Evaluation: Students will take a short quiz at the end of the class that will be fairly simple if they paid attention during the discussion of the answers.
Re-teach Section: Instead of having each student work alone on the questions the teacher can put students in groups to work on answering the questions or the teacher can stay in the class room and teach the class as a whole and guide them through each web site and point out each answer to the students. This way the students are seeing all of the information and someone who may not have been good at navigating the internet has a better opportunity to get the information that is needed to understand the topic.