Copyright Statement

All materials published by InTRO are used with permission of the author(s). InTRO materials abide by and are fully protected by copyright law. Permission to quote or reproduce works contained in InTRO is granted for scholarly purposes provided proper attribution is included.

In addition to citing authorship, all reproductions of items obtained from this repository must bear the following notice: "This work has been published by Instructional Technology Research Online and is available on World Wide Web at

The editors of InTRO have made every effort to solicit and accept items only from legitimate copyright holders. The editors of InTRO will immediately remove any item from the repository at the request of the legitimate copyright holder.

For those wishing to cite resources found in InTRO, the editors suggest consulting the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (4th ed) which has an excellent section on citing electronic media.

Questions or concerns regarding copyright issues and this repository should be directed to Steve Harmon (