I agree wholeheartedly that faculty at post-secondary institutions must allow their work with pre-service and in-service teachers to be informed by research on effective practices. However, as you note the theory guiding research on effective practice is based in psychology.This is where I think it falls short in that we have not allowed our research on effective practices to be multidisiplinary in its source or application. Too often we rely upon research that is empiricist and positivist in theoretical orientation, and I wonder if we have neglected for too long effective practices that have been conducted through a sociological, anthrolpological, or philosophical theoretical lens. I think then we may have a broader and more comprehensive range of research that conceives of effective practices in a multiplicity of terms. -C.G.

Laura Responds:
I suspect you are correct that there is much we can learn from sociology, anthropology, and philosophy that may effectively guide educational practice. However, my concern is not eased any by including other theoretical lenses. The problem, as I see it, is not that we are trying to use psychological theory, but that we misinterpret or misapply the theory in its educational applications. If we include theories from sociology, anthropology, and philosophy we will face the same potential problem of misinterpretation and misapplication. This is not to imply that we should not include these fields, but that we understand those theories well enough to effectively apply them to education.