You interest me with your concept of having teachers imagine. I have found that a prerequisite to imagination is an awareness and celebration that all must not be uniform, safe, black and white, but rather, to borrow Gardener's oft-quoted multiple intelligences analogy, imagination comes from a recognition that multiplicity and diversity are the forces driving imagination and creativity. I hold out the hope of this becoming more a part of teacher preparation, but, given the demographics of my own field of ECE, reality often bites back in black and white . -C.G.

Susan Responds:
I'm almost speechless in my response. There are times when I experience frustration with the normativity of many teachers and educators in education, times when I wonder why multiplicity is not valued or even held as desirable, why the norms are accepted as given. In those moments I wonder if the uniformity of vision has to do with demographics or with having been socialized (beaten down was my first word, but perhaps too bleak?) by years of work in school systems that discourage imagination. Those are my gloomy moments. My optimistic moments are those when I see glimmers of excitement, new ideas, experimentation, playfulness, and subversion. What I need to imagine is how to foster more of those glimmers.