are the criteria for participation?
1) 24-36 months of age
2) developmental delay/disability
3) 10 words or less
4) hearing/vision within normal limits
5) physical ability to reach/point/touch
counts as a word?
Any consistent verbal sound combination that refers to an object/action/person.
For example, it can be a word approximation (e.g., ju/juice). Signs do
it okay if my child uses sign language?
It is okay if child signs and we would acknowledge this communication
intervention; however, the intervention does not include use of signs.
times are available for sessions?
Monday-Friday 8-5. We will do our best to accommodate all families
including evening sessions or an occasional Saturday session, if needed.
my child be involved in other therapies while in your Project?
is the purpose of the Project?
To compare the effects of three language interventions on language development
and educational placement over the 18 month period. (Child is randomly
to ONE of the three interventions.) To characterize the language development
toddlers who have difficulty speaking, over time.
is done during the assessment?
Baseline language, cognitive, familial, and adaptive behavior information
obtained. We administer formal and informal developmental and language
questionnaires. We also conduct observational sessions with parent and
three different settings (informal: home, GSU office; structured: Communication
Play at Urban Life building). Four to five sessions.
do you have three different observational sessions?
We want to get a good picture of your childs communication skills.
observe interactions in informal and natural settings, GSU office and
home. We also observe interactions in a more structured setting, Communication
Play. We conduct these observations at different intervals: at assessment
baseline purposes and at post intervention, 3, 6, and 12 month follow-ups
measure change over time.
is done on the first day of assessment?
Consent with primary investigator, Dr. MaryAnn Romski and Melissa Cheslock.
Administration of the
Mullen Scales of Early Learning.
long do sessions last?
Assessment: 1-2 hours; intervention: 30 minute sessions two times/week
Is there a control group?
No. All children receive language intervention.
are the differences between the three interventions?
1) Traditional language intervention received from most Speech/Language
Pathologists (SLP) in the community.
2) Intervention with focus on communication interactions, typically used
with knowledge about early communication and severe disablilties.
3) Intervention with focus on communication interactions, typically used
a master clinician.
are the similarities between the interactions?
1) primary component parent training on language intervention
2) all include strategies to facilitate language/communication development
3) developmentally/play-based, three routines of play, book, and snack
does the assessments/intervention?
All assessments are conducted by a licensed SLP with 10 years of experience
working with young children with communication difficulties.
Our two interventionists
have BS degrees with a background in either psychology
or communication disorders. They are trained by our staff SLP to conduct
interventions. The SLP provides parent training regarding the language
intervention during sessions. Starting week 5 of the intervention sessions,
parent begins implementing the intervention, along with the interventionist,
learn hands-on how to facilitate their childs language development.
many participants will you have in the Project?
long has the Project been running?
We began seeing families in the fall of 2000 and will continue to recruit
through August 2005. The grant is funded for five years (February 2000