4. Establish design guidelines
- • The 1997 Master Plan outlines basic architectural design guidelines for new university buildings. These guidelines are still applicable and were not updated as part of this effort.
- A. Massing and Coverage
- Georgia State must consider increasing the average height of buildings in the core of campus balanced against the scale and proportions of existing buildings. It is recommended that new buildings exceed three to four stories in height and come closer to matching the allowable heights of the central business district (CBD).
Like the Humanities building, buildings discussed during this update were imagined to be 10-12 stories.
- B. Materials & Image
- All new construction should reflect the character of the neighborhood and represent the best of the current architectural style in the area. When appropriate, new construction should be compatible with the light beige used on older buildings in downtown Atlanta. An average of 50% to 70% wall surface should be solid.
- C. Setbacks
- Buildings should be located in response to all existing zoning. In the case of the downtown campus, high density is encouraged. Setbacks are minimal. Setbacks, distances between structures, and overall building location should respond to life safety needs, such as fire control and fire truck and emergency vehicle access and exiting requirements, and respect the surrounding historical sites.
- D. Streets and Parking
- Street and parking design must integrate lighting, trees, vegetation, walking and signage in a consistent fashion using the Piedmont Avenue and Decatur Street Streetscape project as the standard.
Parking decks should be designed following the same massing and material guidelines used for other structures.
- E. Signage
- Consistent signage throughout campus is the key to good way finding. Exterior signage should include these categories:
- • Main Entry Signs
- • Traffic Regulatory Signs
- • Campus Directional Signs
- • Campus Directories
- • Building Identification Signs
- • Continued use of Banners and Logo
- There are a number of factors to be considered when designing exterior signage. Factors include maintaining a 60 degree field of vision, reading rate/vehicle speed and average eye level. Spacing type and size of lettering is critical in determining legibility. Direct, indirect, and back lighting must be provided as appropriate.
- F. Site Lighting
- Site lighting includes all types of exterior lighting to be provided on campus. Campus lighting plays an important function in night life as it provides sense of place, direction, accent and safety. All active exterior spaces must be properly lit. Lighting types are categorized as follows:
- • Roadway Lighting
- • Parking Lot/Deck Lighting
- • Pedestrian Lighting
- • Accent Lighting
- Roadway lighting involves all internal vehicular circulation routes and intersections. Pole height for these areas may range from 25’-30’. Poles should align with roads and be located 50’ and 60’ on center.
- The parking lot and deck lighting category covers all internal campus lots and should be integrated with roadway lighting. Pole height and spacing should be similar. Lighting levels should be between 0.5 and 1.5 foot candles.
- The pedestrian lighting category covers walkways, plazas and active green areas on campus. Pole height should range between 12’-16’. Lighting levels should be similar to those required for parking lots.
- The accent lighting category covers the lighting of special areas or features on campus. Special accents should highlight unique or critical elements. This includes, but is not limited to, campus entries, signage, sculpture and landscaping plantings.