4.6 Future Space Requirements
The following is a projection of future space required to support the academic program as student, faculty and staff populations grow. The Board of Regents projects new academic programs up to five years into the future. Faculty requirements were calculated for 2010 and 2015.
The consulting team prepared a detailed program for all Georgia State space requirements. This space needs calculation was based on interviews with the provost, vice presidents, and deans. The consulting team used the general space calculation process required by the Board of Regents, the Council of Educational Facilities Planners International (CEFPI) 1985 space Planning Guidelines, as its basis coupled with a more in-depth approach. The target set by the university in the detailed program yielded a space requirement approximately eight percent lower than the CEFPI calculation with notable differences within central storage and assembly/exhibition space.
The CEFPI guidelines categorize classroom space into seminar, classroom and lecture hall. The space factors Assigned Square Feet/ Weekly Student Contact Hour (ASF/ WSCH) used for these rooms in a doctoral granting institution are 1.067 for seminar, 0.800 for classroom and 0.615 for lecture hall. The average CEFPI space factor for all Georgia State University general classroom space is 0.795.
In 1985, when the CEFPI guidelines were created, there was very little technology equipment in the average university classroom. Space is now required for built-in AV projectors, TV monitors, electronic control systems, A/V equipment racks and possible storage requirements of portable presentation devices.
Previously, students were provided only enough personal space for their textbook (or other instructional material) and notebooks for note taking. With the introduction of laptop computers on college campuses and in the curriculum of many courses, students need additional workspace to allow for the laptop computer, as well as for traditional instructional materials and notebooks. At a minimum, an 18” deep work surface is required to accommodate laptop computers. Greater depth could be required depending on the method of connectivity provided by the student tables. Additionally, 30” to 36” of workspace width is required per student to allow for adequate workspace.
Other space-related trends in education include a greater emphasis on interactivity among students within the classroom and a heightened priority on good sightlines for presentation of audiovisual materials. To facilitate interactivity among students, many classrooms are incorporating a “case study” design wherein curved tables are arranged on tiered rows. Other teaching models encourage loose furnishings that can be rearranged to allow for small group learning within the classroom. In either case, the resulting square-foot per student ratios need to be increased to allow for these more interactive room designs.
Designing a space for good presentation sightlines can also increase the square foot per student ratios. Tiered seating may be encouraged in spaces of greater than 45 students to allow for an unobstructed view to the bottom of the screen. The horizontal sightlines essential for many computer / internet-based presentations are another factor in space planning. Beyond an approximate 100-degree horizontal viewing cone, the ability to read text becomes more difficult and can result in overall unsatisfactory presentation environment.
© 2006 Georgia State University.