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Undergraduate Courses

PHIL 1010 - CRITICAL THINKING
Development of practical, logical, and problem-solving skills important to all disciplines, with emphasis on the composition of argumentative essays. Definitions, types of meanings, fallacious and deceptive arguments, deductive and inductive reasoning. Introduction to major forms of scientific and logical reasoning used across humanities, sciences and social sciences, including deductive, hypothetico-deductive, and inductive arguments such as statistical, causal, and analogical. This course may be used as one of the courses required in Area B, Institutional Options, and is designed to prepare students for courses in Areas C, D, and E. 2 Credit Hours

PHIL 2010 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY
We will explore some fascinating questions about human existence and discuss various answers offered by philosophers—questions such as: Does God exist? How should I live my life? What is justice? What is human nature? Do we have free will? What is the meaning of life? 3 Credit Hours Students are not required to take Philosophy 1010 (Critical Thinking) before taking Philosophy 2010.

PHIL 2500 - INTRODUCTION TO SYMBOLIC LOGIC
Introduction to the examination of correct reasoning using symbols to represent statements and relationships between them. This course covers sentential logic and some predicate logic. A grade of B or better in this course is required in order to take Phil 4500, Symbolic Logic.  3 Credit Hours

PHIL 3000 - INTRODUCTORY SEMINAR IN PHILOSOPHY
Prerequisite: Phil 2010 with grade of C or higher. This course offers an in-depth treatment of a philosophical issue (for example, free will, justice, Kantian ethics) in a seminar setting, where students have an opportunity to engage in systematic discussions of primary texts and the philosophical issues they raise. This investigation of a topic from a variety of vantage points allows students to develop an informed position and the argumentative skills necessary to defend it successfully, both orally and in writing. This course is designed to introduce students to the major in philosophy. There is no requirement that one be a philosophy major to take this course. Students considering a philosophy major or minor are encouraged to take this course. Serves as one of the two Critical Thinking Through Writing (CTW) courses required of all philosophy majors. 3 Credit Hours Required for all philosophy majors who enrolled at GSU in Fall 2009 or after.

PHIL 3010 - HISTORY OF WESTERN PHILOSOPHY I: ANCIENT
Development of European philosophy from the early Greeks to the Romans. Typically included are Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 3020 - HISTORY OF WESTERN PHILOSOPHY II: MODERN
Development of European philosophy from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment. Typically included are Hobbes, Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, and Kant. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 3030 - HISTORY OF WESTERN PHIL III: 19-20TH CENTURY
Development of European and American philosophy from the Enlightenment to the mid-twentieth century. Philosophers and schools may include Hegel, Marx, Mill, Nietzsche, Russell, James, Dewey, Sartre, Whitehead, and Wittgenstein, and idealism, pragmatism, process thought, existentialism, and analytic philosophy. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 3050 - ANALYTIC PHILOSOPHY
Introduction to analytic philosophy through some of the most important works by leading figures, such as Russell, Ayer, Quine, Austin, Ryle, and Putnam. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 3060 - EXISTENTIALISM
Introduction to existentialism through selected literary and philosophical writings of Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Camus, de Beauvoir, Sartre, and others. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 3230 - PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION
Issues such as the nature of religion, arguments for the existence of God, the problem of evil, faith and reason, religious experience, immortality, myth and symbol, and alternative religious philosophies. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 3690 - HONORS READINGS
Prerequisite: consent of the instructor and Honors Program director. Discussion and readings on selected topics. 1 to 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 3710 - MARRIAGE AND FAMILY
Marriage and Family. Study of philosophical issues relating to marriage and the family. Topics may include the nature of marriage and marital obligation, marriage and the state, children’s rights and parental obligations, the family and the state, and justice in the family.

PHIL 3720 - CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMS
Selected moral issues, such as abortion, euthanasia, environmentalism, genetic engineering, feminism, animal rights, gay and lesbian rights, and political violence. Brief coverage of ethical theories as they relate to the issues at hand. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 3730 - BUSINESS ETHICS
Moral issues in business, such as social responsibility, employee obligations and rights, ethics and the professions, marketing and advertising practices, and the environment. Issues in both domestic and international areas may be discussed. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 3855 - TOPICS IN POLITICAL THEORY
Introductory survey of the great writings in political thought. Examines the contributions these works made to Western conceptions such as democracy, equality, human nature, citizenship, and liberty, as well as their continuing relevance for understanding contemporary moral and political dilemmas. May be repeated if topic varies. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 3900 - STUDIES IN PHILOSOPHY
Studies in Philosophy. Examination of selected philosopher(s) or topic(s). May be repeated if topic varies. A maximum of six credit hours may be applied toward the major. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4010 - PLATO
Prerequisite: one course in philosophy, or consent of instructor. Advanced introduction to the major areas of Plato's philosophy, which may include the relationship between virtue and knowledge, the theory of recollection, the theory of forms, the nature of sensible objects, and the relationship between the individual and the state. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4020 - ARISTOTLE
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Advanced introduction to the major areas of Aristotle's philosophy, which may include early and later theories of substance, methodology, the study of nature, the soul, and ethics. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4030 - TOPICS IN ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Investigation of a specific theme, philosopher, or text, such as Aristotle's ethics, the philosophy of Socrates, Plato's Republic, Stoicism, Hellenistic ethics, or Aristotle's philosophy of mind. May be repeated if topic varies, but only six credit hours may be applied to the major. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4050 - TOPICS IN MODERN PHILOSOPHY
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Intensive study of major works of at least two of the following rationalist or empiricist philosophers: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Malbranche, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, or Reid. May be repeated if topic varies, but only six credit hours may be applied to the major. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4055 - HUME
Prerequisite: one 2000 or 3000-level course in philosophy or consent of instructor. Advanced introduction to the major areas of Hume's philosophy. Topics may include the relation between his theoretical and moral philosophy, skepticism, causation, necessity, the foundations of human knowledge, self- consciousness, personal identity, reason, will, sentiment, naturalism, and normativity. A maximum of six credit hours may be applied toward the major. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4060 - KANT
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Selected works of Kant, such as The Critique of Pure Reason or The Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4070 - MARXISM
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Origin and development of central themes in the philosophy of Karl Marx, such as alienation, exploitation, and dialectal materialism, with limited reference to contemporary trends in Marxist thought. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4075 - TOPICS IN 19th CENTURY PHILOSOPHY
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. This course may focus on the ideas of a single 19th century European or Anglo-American thinker (such as Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, Mill, or James) or a school of thought; on the relationships between various schools of thought (like German Romanticism and Idealism as reactions to Kant’s Critiques); on the influence of cultural and scientific revolutions (like the reception of Darwinism) on the development of philosophy; or even on the forerunners of important later developments (like critical theory, the “linguistic turn” in analytic philosophy, or the emergence of philosophy in America). May be repeated if topic varies, but only six credit hours may be applied to the major. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4085 - TOPICS IN HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Investigation of a specific theme, philosopher, or text, such as Skepticism in Ancient and Modern Philosophy, Anselm, or the Summa Contra Gentiles. May be repeated if topic varies, but only six credit hours may be applied to the major. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4090 - TOPICS IN CONTINENTAL PHILOSPHY
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Study of works of such authors as Husserl, Scheler, Heidegger, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, and Ricoeur. May be repeated if topic varies, but only six credit hours may be applied to the major. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4095 - TOPICS IN ANALYTIC PHILOSOPHY
Study of works of such authors as Russell, Moore, Carnap, Putnam, Lewis, Feinberg, Hart, and Rawls. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4100 - EPISTEMOLOGY
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Problems in the concept of knowledge, such as the definition of propositional knowledge, the problem of induction, the a priori, and theories of truth. May also include theories such as coherentism, reliabilism, and foundationalism. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4130 - PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Varieties of scientific explanation; hypothesis formation and confirmation; paradigms, laws, and theories; the status of unobservable entities; holism and reductionism; science and values; nature and scope of scientific progress; limits of scientific explanation. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4150 - TOPICS IN EPISTEMOLOGY
Prerequisite: one 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Investigation of selected contemporary or classical topics in epistemology, May be repeated if topic varies. A maximum of six credit hours may be applied toward the major. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4300 - METAPHYSICS
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Topics may include personal identity and human nature; space, time, matter, and causality; freedom and determinism; teleology; conceptions of divinity; and world views and paradigm shifts. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4330 - PHILOSOPHY OF MIND
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Topics such as theories of mind; the connection between mental and physical states; the relation between mind, language, and the world; and artificial intelligence. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4340 - PHILOSOPHY & COGNITIVE SCIENCE
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000level philosophy course, or consent of instructor (background in the sciences is not required). An interdisciplinary examination of the problems, theories, and research strategies central to the study of the human mind and of other cognitive systems. Basic readings will come from a variety of disciplines, including philosophy, neuroscience, and psychology. Topics of investigation may include perception, mental representation, language, modularity, consciousness, emotions, moral psychology, action, mental disorders, folk psychology, and animal minds. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4350 - TOPICS IN METAPHYSICS
Study of specific issues in metaphysics, such as free will, causation, time, personal identity, possible worlds, existence of God, realism, etc. May be repeated if topic varies. A maximum of six credit hours may be applied toward the major. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4500 - SYMBOLIC LOGIC
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent on instructor. Fundamentals of propositional and predicate logic, with selected topics in such areas as the logic of identity and relations. Emphasis placed on construction of proofs in formal systems. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4530 - PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Efforts in twentieth-century philosophy to account for the unique capacities of language to represent the world and to communicate our beliefs about it. Topics may include the nature of language, theories of meaning and reference, semantic paradoxes, private language, speech acts, and non-human language. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4690 - TOPICS IN PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION
Prerequisite: one 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. An advanced introduction to the philosophy of religion. May be repeated if topic varies, but only six credit hours may be applied to the major. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4700 - ETHICS
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Major Western theories, such as relativism, egoism, emotivism, utilitarianism, deontology, naturalism, intuitionism, virtue ethics, existential ethics, and feminist ethics. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4720 - ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS
Prerequisite: one 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. A consideration of the challenges environmental problems pose for ethical theory. Topics covered may include: the moral status of nonhuman animals, environmental preservation and restoration, environmental sustainability, development, human population growth, ethics as it bears on issues in nonbiological environmental sciences, and other related issues. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4740 - ADVANCED BIOMEDICAL ETHICS
Prerequisite: one 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Major moral problems in science and medicine, including abortion, death and euthanasia, treatment of the mentally ill, experimentation with human subjects, and genetic research. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4750 - TOPICS IN ETHICS
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Study of the works of major authors or views in normative ethics and/or metaethics. The focus will be on contemporary ethics but the course may include some study of historical figures. May be repeated if topic varies. A maximum of six credit hours may be applied toward the major. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4760 - ETHICS AND CONT PUBLIC POLICY
Ethics and Contemporary Public Policy - Ethics Bowl. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Course will explore how ethical theories may illuminate current debates in public policy. Students will also prepare for “ethics bowl” competitions. Course may be repeated, but only twice toward philosophy major. 3 credit hours.

PHIL 4770 - MORAL PSYCHOLOGY
Prerequisite one 2000 or 3000-level Philosophy course, or consent of the instructor. Examination of how humans function in moral contexts and how this information may impact debates in ethical theory. Drawing from relevant literature in philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, and other sciences, topics may include moral judgment and intuitions, moral disagreement, reason and emotion, moral agency and responsibility, character traits and virtues, altruism and egoism, and moral development.  3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4780 - NEUROETHICS
Prerequisite one 2000 or 3000-level Philosophy course, or consent of the instructor. Neuroethics considers how ethical theories inform neuroscientific practice and how neuroscientific discoveries inform ethical theorizing. Topics may include ethical protocols for neuroscience research, ethical and legal implications of neuroscientific research, and implications of neuroscience for debates about moral behavior and judgment.  3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4790 - TOPICS IN NEUROETHICS
Study of specific issues in neuroethics, such as cognitive enhancement, neuromarketing, neurolaw, neuroscience and free will, etc.  3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4800 - SOCIAL & POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Issues such as the definition and justification of human rights, justice, social welfare, and forms of political participation, and the debate between ideologies. Readings from classical and contemporary sources, for example, Plato, Locke, Mill, Marx, and Rawls. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4820 - PHILOSOPHY OF LAW
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Topics such as theories of law, feminist legal theory, the nature of legal reasoning, legal obligation, law and justice, law and morality. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4830 - PHILOSOPHY OF ART
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Historical and contemporary accounts of the nature of art, aesthetic experience, creative activity, imagination, expression, interpretation, and aesthetic evaluation. 3 Credit Hours  

PHIL 4855 - ADV TOPICS POLITICAL THEORY
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Advanced survey of the great writings in political thought. Examines the contributions these works made to Western conceptions such as democracy, equality, human nature, citizenship, and liberty, as well as their continuing relevance for understanding contemporary moral and political dilemmas. May be repeated if topic varies. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4860 - FEMINIST PHILOSOPHY
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Classical and contemporary issues concerning women, such as discrimination on the basis of gender, class, race, or sexuality, whether gender is natural or constructed, and historical roots of feminist and anti- feminist perspectives. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4870 - HONORS THESIS: RESEARCH
Prerequisites: consent of the instructor and Honors Program. Readings or research preparatory to honors thesis or project. 1 to 6 Credit Hours

PHIL 4880 - HONORS THESIS: WRITING
Prerequisites: Phil 4870, consent of the instructor and Honors Program. Writing or production of honors thesis or project. 1 to 6 Credit Hours

PHIL 4890 - TOPICS IN SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Study of issues in social/political philosophy. The focus will be on contemporary topics but the course may include some study of historical figures. May be repeated if topic varies. A maximum of six credit hours may be applied toward the major. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4900 - ISSUES IN PHILOSOPHY
Prerequisite: One 2000 or 3000-level philosophy course, or consent of instructor. Examination of selected philosopher(s) or topic(s). May be repeated if topic varies, but only six credit hours may be applied to the major. 3 Credit Hours

PHIL 4950 - INDEPENDENT RESEARCH
Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Designed to provide students with the opportunity to do more advanced work in an area in which they have already had regular course work. Not to be used as a substitute for regular upper-level courses. 1 to 3 Credit Hours
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PHIL 4990 - SENIOR SEMINAR IN PHILOSOPHY
Prerequisites: senior class standing, major in philosophy, Phil 2010, Phil 2050 or 3000, Phil 3010, and Phil 3020 with grades of C or higher. This course offers an in-depth treatment of a specific philosophical issue (for example, the role of paternalism in a liberal society, reliabilist theories of knowledge, the nature of moral emotions) in a seminar setting, where students have an opportunity to engage in systematic discussions of primary texts and the philosophical issues they raise. This investigation of a topic from a variety of vantage points allows students to develop an informed position and the argumentative skills necessary to defend it successfully, both orally and in writing. This course is the capstone to the major in philosophy. Serves as one of the two Critical Thinking Through Writing (CTW) courses required of all philosophy majors. 3 Credit Hours Required for all philosophy majors who enrolled at GSU in Fall 2009 or after.