GEORGIA STATE UNIVERSITY

THEATRE SHOP SAFETY GUIDE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ACCIDENTS/INJURIES

 

All injuries should be reported to the supervisor in charge of the activity and then to the Theatre Office. For accidents requiring immediate attention, call Public Safety

(651-3333) for help or transfer to hospitals. For potentially life threatening injuries call 911 immediately, then call Public Safety and notify the supervisor. Students should not work when sick or injured. All enrolled students may purchase inexpensive medical insurance through a University health service. If you are injured while working on a production, the theatre does carry secondary coverage insurance to cover the portion not paid by your (or your parent's) policy or if you are uninsured. This insurance is quite small and does not cover injuries from classwork or illness of any kind.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Shop Safety Guide

Subject Pg #

Abrasive belt finishing machine .......................................... 9

Brushes ........................................................................... 11,12

Clean-Up ........................................................................... 12

Clothing ........................................................................... 4

Contact lenses (soft) ........................................................... 5

Drill press .......................................................................... 7,8

Ear Protection .................................................................... 6

Eye Protection .................................................................... 4,5

Face Shields ...................................................................... 4

Fire Blanket ....................................................................... 11

Fire Extinguisher ................................................................ 11

First-Aid Kit ...................................................................... 11

First-Aid Procedures .......................................................... 11

Glasses, side protectors ....................................................... 5

Goggles ............................................................................ 5

Hard Hats ......................................................................... 6

Hazardous Materials ......................................................... 5,11,12

Insurance* ......................................................................... Cover

Lathe ............................................................................... 9

Masks ............................................................................. 6

MIG Welder ..................................................................... 10

Rules (condensed) ............................................................ 3,4

Saw, band ....................................................................... 7

hand circular .......................................................... 8

radial arm saw ........................................................ 6

table ....................................................................... 7

Panel Saw ...................................................................... 8,9

Welding Helmet ................................................................ 5

 

 

Shop Safety Guide

The purpose of this guideline is to give each laboratory/crew student an opportunity to become acquainted with the various operating rules and procedures of the properties shop. The technical staff hopes that you have both an educational and safe experience in the shop.

We want you to realize that there are no "dumb questions". If you have any questions at all about why or how you are doing a particular job, then please ask any of the staff. If you do not feel that your question has been satisfactorily answered, then please bring this to the attention of the faculty shop supervisor.

Please realize that you are expected to have an understanding of this information before you begin work. At the end of your new crew experience, you will be tested on the contents of this shop guide.

 

Basic Rules of the Shop

 

I.) Basic Rules of the Shop

  1. Read the shop guide and take the shop tour given by the T.D.
  2. Before beginning the first hour of work in the shop, each student is expected to know the basic information in this guideline and to have completed the shop tour with the T.D.

  3. Wear proper shop attire.
  4. It is necessary that you conform to the rules outlined in this section. If you fail to dress properly, the shop T.D. may ask you to leave your work assignment.

    1.) Wear clothes that can be soiled with paints and glues. Slacks and pants such as jeans are fine. Dresses, skirts, and shorts are not acceptable for shop work.

    2.) Make sure all loose articles of clothing are properly buttoned or tied before using any power equipment. This includes shirt sleeves, loosely tied sweaters, and decorative accessories.

    3.) Shoes with leather or hard rubber soles (preferably with reinforced toe protection) are most appropriate. High heels, sandals, and open-toe shoes are not permitted in the shop.

    4.) No Loose-fitting jewelry is permitted in the shop. All rings should be removed before you begin work. Storing jewelry is the responsibility of the student, and no storage facility is provided.

    5.) Long hair is a potential danger when using power tools. if you have long hair, it is required that you either gather or tie it up so that a possible accident does not occur.

  5. Use proper eye, face, and protection when required.
  6. The shop provides all protection devices for the students (safety goggles, face shields, respirator/particle masks, hard hats, and ear mufflers). The location of this equipment will be shown to you by the T.D. during your shop tour and on request. Take the time to make sure you have selected the correct protective device for the job and that it fits properly. if the device is defective or seems insufficient for the assigned job, please bring it to the Technical Director's attention.

     

     

     

     

    1.) Eye Protection. There are several types of eye protection devices provided. Which one you should use depends on the type of job you are doing.

    a.) Safety goggles (flexibility fitting with regular ventilation). These goggles are used in all wood cutting and sanding operations. They protect the eyes against foreign particles and dust.

    b.) Chemical goggles (flexible fitting with hooded ventilation).

    These goggles are used for all the above applications and for any handling of chemicals. They protect the eyes against foreign particles and chemical splashes.

    c.) Face Shields (full cover with plastic-wrapped face protection). These are used for any wood processes and for all grinding of metals. They protect the eyes and face from foreign particles. (NOTE: The face shields are the best protection for students who wear glasses).

    d.) Welding Goggles (flexible fitting with protective glass lens). These are required for use in all oxy-acetylene welding and heat bending projects. The goggles must have a clean 5X-strength lens.

    e.) Welding Helmet (rigid full-face protector with lens). These are required for use in all arc welding projects. The helmet must be provided with a 11X-strength lens and a clean lens protector.

    f.) Side Protection For Glasses (flexible plastic shields that attach to the glasses). These are required of all students who have glasses with safety lens and have permission from the shop supervisor to wear their glasses without goggles.

    SIDE PROTECTORS ARE NOT PROVIDED BUT MUST BE PURCHASED BY THE STUDENT AND MUST BE IN USE AT ALL TIMES.

    NOTE: If you wear soft contacts, it is necessary that you use extreme caution when using chemicals in the shop. Soft contacts allow many chemicals to pass through, trapping caustic and irritating chemicals between the eye and lens. This causes extreme discomfort and possible eye damage. Glasses are suggested for use while working in the shop.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    2.) Particle/Respirator Masks. There are several types of masks available, and you should take this time to find the proper mask for the job you are doing.

    a.) Particle Mask (paper mask with elastic cord). These are required for use when working with any material that creates or is a dust; e.g., sanding wood, sanding props or scenery that have been made with wood fillers, sanding plaster, mixing dyes and dry pigment, etc.

    b.) Half-Face Mask With Cartridge Filter (soft rubber mask with adjustable straps). These are required for use when you are working with any chemicals in an invented area; e.g., working with any solvent (paint thinner, acetone, denatured alcohol/proprietary solvent), working with urethane foams, fiberglass, etc.

    3.) Ear Protection. Ear Protection is provided and needs to be used whenever excessive noise exists in the shops. This includes all sanding, grinding, and several of the sawing tools.

    4.) Head Protection. During all set-ups and strikes, it is necessary for all students to wear HARD HATS. These are located in the scene shop. Take the time to see that they fit properly.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

  7. Be Checked Out On All Hand and Stationary Power Equipment.

1.) Radial Arm Saw. The radial arm saw is a circular blade saw that is used to cross-cut wood (cut against the grain) into varying lengths.

a.) Safety precautions for use of the radial arm saw:

1. Use goggles or face shield with this tool. Don=t remove any safety device or guard.

2. You must use your right arm to operate this saw and stand to the left of the blade. The wood should be held firmly by the left hand with the waste wood to the right of the blade.

3. Pull the saw through at all times--never push the saw through the material. As you pull with the right arm, keep your whole body straight and rigid. Do not allow your right arm to flex.

4. Keep fingers and thumbs a safe distance from the blade and the path of the blade.

2. Table Saw. The table saw is a circular blade saw that is used to rip-cut (cut with the grain) boards and plywood.

a.) Safety precautions for use of the table saw:

1. Always use goggles or face shield with this saw. DO NOT remove the blade guard for any reason.

2. Always unplug the saw when making adjustments.

3. Set the adjustable fence width with a tape- measure from the leading (front) and trailing (back) edge of the blade. Do not use the scale on the saw --it is not accurate.

4. Set the blade height to no more than 1/4" above the thickness of the material to be cut.

5. Use a Apush stick@ to guide wood through, and always use assistance when cutting long or very thin stock.

6. Pay close attention to your work. DO NOT BECOME DISTRACTED.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Band Saw. The band saw is a cutting device which has a continuous loop blade that is generally used to cut curves in materials such as styrofoam and plexiglass.

a. Safety precautions for use of the band saw:

1. Always use safety goggles with this tool.

2. Make sure the band saw is unplugged before making any adjustments or opening the blade doors for servicing.

3. Always adjust the blade guard so that it is no more than 1/8" above the thickness of the material to be cut.

4. NEVER ADJUST THE TENSION AND FLYWHEEL HANDLES on the back of the machine.

5. Keep the upper and lower doors that cover the blade locked at all times while the tool is in operation.

6. Use a Apush stick@ for cuts that require manipulation near the saw blade.

7. Use the brake to stop the blade motion after you have turned off the tool. Do not leave the machine until the blade has completely stopped!

4. Drill Press. The drill press is used to bore holes or for precision drilling in both wood and metal.

a. Safety precautions for use of the drill press:

1. Always wear goggles with this tool. DO NOT wear gloves when operating the drill press.

2. Make sure the drill press is unplugged before making all necessary adjustments.

3. Use only twist and spade bits in the drill press. If you are drilling metal, make sure the bit you are using is for metal work.

4. Position and tighten the drill bit with the chuck key attached to the machine. BE SURE the drill bit is securely tightened before turning on the machine.

5. Use the table and depth-stop to avoid drilling into the metal support table.

6. Use the proper speed for the materials that you are drilling. Check with the T.D.

 

 

5. Hand Circular Saw. This tool is a circular blade saw that is used for cutting plywood, masonite, and occasionally, 2" structural stock. Of all the hand/power tools you will encounter in the shop, this is the MOST dangerous. Make sure you are checked out on this tool before you use it.

a.) Safety precautions for use of the hand circular saw:

1.) This tool requires the use of either safety goggles or face shield.

2.) Always unplug the tool before making adjustments or changing blades.

3.) Always make sure there is both stable and sufficient support under the materials being cut.

4.) NEVER stand or put your weight on the material that is being cut.

5.) Set the depth of cut so that it is no more than 1/4" below he thickness of the material being cut.

6.) Use clamps and guides to assist the cutting process.

7.) Always check to make sure the blade is sharp before you use the tool. Pitch build-up will slow the blade and can cause a dangerous situation resulting in kickback.

6.) Panel Saw. This tool is used for cutting panels of plywood, Masonite, and Celotex.

a.) Safety precautions for use of the panel saw:

1.) This tool requires the use of a face shield.

2.) Always check the direction of the cut when ripping panels.

3.) Always have the majority of the panel on the support/roller ledge when ripping, and do not attempt to cut with the weight of the panel above the blade.

4.) This saw is designed to cut large panels and should NEVER be used to cut small pieces of plywood or dimensional lumber.

5.) The measurement guide on this saw is fairly accurate; however, for critical cuts, you should always measure from the blade.

6.) Always use assistance when ripping panels.

 

7.) Abrasive Belt Finishing Machine. This tool uses both sandpaper belts and discs for finishing all materials except some metals.

a.) Safety precautions for use of the abrasive belt finishing machine:

1.) This tool requires the use of both goggles (or face shield) and a particle mask.

2.) Always use the vacuum attachment when operating this machine. Make sure the vacuum hose is connected to the correct outlet, depending on whether you want to use the belt or disc sander.

3.) Keep fingers and clothing away from the sander. Support your work with the table, unless you have received previous approval from the T.D.

4.) NEVER ATTEMPT TO ADJUST THE BELT TENSION OR THE ROLLER PITCH WITHOUT THE T.D. PRESENT.

8.) Wood Lathe. This tool is used to turn wood stock into spindles, banisters, chair legs, and bowls.

a.) Safety precautions for use of the wood lathe:

1.) This tool requires the use of a face shield at all times, and a particle mask when sanding.

2.) Always work the machine from the slowest speed, gradually increasing the speed as the turning becomes more finished.

3.) Make sure the live center is firmly driven into the turning stock and that the spindle center is properly lubricated.

4.) Keep the turning tools sharp. Keep the whet stones near the lathe area so that tools can be sharpened as you work.

E. STORE TOOLS WHEN YOU HAVE COMPLETED THE TASK.

F. DON'T FORCE POWER TOOLS.

G. USE THE RIGHT TOOL FOR THE RIGHT TASK.

H. COIL AND RETURN ALL EXTENSION CORDS AND AIR LINES WHEN YOU HAVE COMPLETED YOUR TASK

 

 

 

9. The MIG welder. The welder is used to join metals with a high temperature electric arc. You will most likely NOT be welding as a part of this class, but should be aware of the following safety procedures.

1.) Do not look at the arc of the welder without the protection of a properly fitted welding helmet.

2.) If you are welding or are assisting someone who is you must wear: welding gloves, helmet, leather shoes or boots or welding leggings, a welding apron and the approved respirator.

3.) Be aware of where you or someone else is welding. The area must be free of flammable materials (muslin, paint, sawdust etc.)

4.) The welding blanket must be used beneath any welding job to prevent drops of molten metal or sparks from

igniting the working surface.

5.) Welding may only be done when a faculty or staff member is present.

6.) If you wish to learn how to weld you must either take an independent study or have a minimum of 10 hours supervised instruction from the technical director or a faculty member.

7.) Welded materials are HOT and remain that way for 15-20 minutes after the welding is completed.

NOTE: Sparks from welding, grinding or cutting metal can get into cracks in the floor and smolder. Always use the welding blanket to limit the spray of sparks.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I.) ACQUAINT YOURSELF WITH ALL FIRST-AID AND SAFETY EQUIPMENT LOCATED IN THE SHOPS.

1.) In the event of an accident or injury (regardless of how insignificant it may seem), the T.D. must be notified immediately. If you have an accident that requires more than first-aid attention, you will be asked by the T.D. to have your injury checked out by the Student Health Services. In some instances, the University Police will be called to escort you to the clinic or hospital.

2.) FIRST-AID AND SAFETY EQUIPMENT AVAILABLE

a.) A very complete FIRST-AID KIT is available in the scene shop. It is located on the wall.

If you are unsure of the supplies to use, please ask the shop T.D. or shop foreman.

b.) FIRE EXTINGUISHER are located throughout the shops. The

exact locations and proper use will be explained during the shop

tour. All fire extinguisher in the shops are ABC, which means

they can be used on any type of fire.

c.) FIRE BLANKET is located in the scene shop by the welding area. It is used to smolder flames on a burning victim.

II.) BRUSH CLEAN-UP AND HAZARDOUS WASTE DISPOSAL.

A.) There are three types of brushes used in the shops:

1.) SCENIC BRUSHES are used only in water-base paints and should be cleaned immediately after you have finished painting. To preserve these brushes, they should be washed in cool water with bar soap. Wash in the direction of the bristles and rinse thoroughly.

2.) OIL PAINTING BRUSHES are used in all oil-base paints and finishes. These brushes must be cleaned with an appropriate solvent which must be disposed of properly when the brush is clean.

 

3.) SCHLOCK BRUSHES are inexpensive brushes that are used with glues, contact cements, and any material that destroys the brush. If the brush has been used in a water-base material, it can be cleaned with soap and water. In most instances, it is necessary to dispose of the brush when you are finished.

B.) It is environmentally unsafe and expressly prohibited to dispose of any solvent or paint-related chemical in the shop sinks. Both shops are equipped with hazardous waste containers. Use them.

 

III.) CLEAN-UP AND CHECK-OUT PROCEDURES

A.) The last 15-20 minutes in every work period is designated as clean-up. Failure to actively participate or leaving before the clean-up is completed will seriously affect your grade.

B.) Clean-up procedures are as follows:

1.) Put all hand tools and shop equipment away.

2.) Label and seal all paint cans to prevent drying out and waste.

3.) Clean all brushes!

4.) Sweep or vacuum all surfaces (counters, tables, and shelves, carts, stationary tools) with small bench brooms.

5.) Remove and replace all brown paper from work tables.

6.) Clean sink.

7.) Sweep floor thoroughly!