Toque Macaque

Previous | Home | Next

Toque Macaque

Distinguishing Characteristics

Toque macaques have a well-formed caplike whorl of hair radiating outward from the center of the head. They have a dusky brown to golden yellow body, black ears, and a black lower lip. The femaile's face is red.

Physical Characteristics

Head and body length
- Male: 432-452mm (17.0-17.8in)
- Female: 442-533mm (17.4-21.0in)
- Male: 3.4-4.3kg (7.5-9.5lb)
- Female: 4.4-8.4kg (9.7-18.5lb)


Sri Lanka

Lowland, gallery, and semi deciduous forest near permanent water up to 1524m (5000ft).


Fruit and seeds, 75%; other plant parts, 23%; animal prey (including reptiles, birds, and mammals), 2%.


Diurnal, arboreal, and terrestrtial. The competition between toque macaque troops with overlapping home ranges means that the harsher the environment is, the fewer young and old animals will survive in the troop. In the dominance hierarchy, adults dominate juveniles. Juvenile females fare the worst because mothers protect only their youngest offspring. The majority of all threats (81.5%) have been recorded during foraging, and 36% of the time, food was taken from the one threatened.